Essex County, New Jersey Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Essex County, New Jersey ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Guide to genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


Essex County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Essex County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
Location of New Jersey in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 7, 1683
County Seat Newark
Courthouse
Essex county new jersey courthouse.jpg
Address Essex County Courthouse
465 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd
Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: (973) 621-4920
Essex County Website


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Essex County is located in the northeast region of the state. It was created on March 7, 1683. Newark is the county seat. The county was named for Essex, England.[1]


Essex County, New Jersey Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1901 1795 1901 1783 1783 1697 1830
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1840. General compliance by 1920.

Essex County, New Jersey Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

Created 1 March 1683 from the Colonial Lands. [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1710, New Barbadoes twp. to Bergen County
  • 1741, part to Somerset County.
  • 1822, water boundry defined
  • 1837, part to Passaic County.
  • 1857, part to Union County.
  • 1871, Union County boundary clarified
  • 1876, some changes with Union boundary
  • 1882, Union County boundary further clarified
  • 1891, Part of Millburn twp. to to Union County's Springfield twp
  • 1892, more minor changes with Union boundary
  • 1907, parts of Acquackanonk & Little Falls twps. of Passaic County to Montclair
  • 1958, some of Springfield twp., Union County to here.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • The 1820 US Census Record does not exist for New Jersey, thus Essex County does not appear in the 1820 US Federal Census collections.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NJGenWeb Archives WorldCat Billion Graves
NJTombstone Project FamilySearch Places
NJInterment
Billion Graves
See New Jersey Cemeteries for more information.

Woodland Cemetery 670 10th Street, Newark NJ Woodland Cemetery facebook page

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 17,785
1800 22,269 25.2%
1810 25,984 16.7%
1820 30,793 18.5%
1830 41,911 36.1%
1840 44,621 6.5%
1850 73,950 65.7%
1860 98,877 33.7%
1870 143,839 45.5%
1880 189,929 32.0%
1890 256,098 34.8%
1900 359,053 40.2%
1910 512,886 42.8%
1920 652,089 27.1%
1930 833,513 27.8%
1940 837,340 0.5%
1950 905,949 8.2%
1960 923,545 1.9%
1970 932,526 1.0%
1980 851,304 −8.7%
1990 778,206 −8.6%
2000 793,633 2.0%
2010 783,969 −1.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about denominations, view the New Jersey Church Records wiki page.


Dutch Reformed[edit | edit source]
  • 1694 - Zabriskie, George Olin. "Resident of North-Eastern New Jersey in 1694," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 108, No. 3 (Jul. 1977):157-158. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 108. List of residents in Dutch Reformed congregation of Acquackanonk Township and New Barbados.
Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints[edit | edit source]
  • East Orange
  • Newark


List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories.


Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Jersey Land and Property for information about New Jersey Proprietary land records. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.


Maps[edit | edit source]

Morris CountyPassaic CountyBergen CountyHudson CountyUnion CountyNJ ESSEX.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Essex County, New Jersey Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Essex County, New Jersey Genealogy:


- 70th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company K
- 71st Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies A, D and E

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Essex County, New Jersey Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Occupations[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Poorhouse, Almshouse[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Cities
Boroughs
Census-designated places
Townships


Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Essex County, New Jersey Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Essex County, New Jersey Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page New Jersey Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Obtaining Copies of County Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Copies of recorded probate records and the estate files can be obtained from the surrogate's offices for a fee. Addresses of surrogate's offices are found in:

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Ancestry's Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. Revised Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1992. (Family History Library book 973 D27rb 1992.) Explains state-by-state history, vital records, census, background sources, periodicals, archives, libraries, societies, maps, land, probate, court, tax, cemetery, church, and military records. Includes county boundary map and table which shows when each county was created and the parent counties.

In addition, copies of the original wills, administrations, inventories, and guardianships sent to Trenton since 1901 can be ordered from:

Clerk of the Superior Court
Records Information Center
P.O. Box 967
Trenton, NJ 08625-0967
Phone: (609) 292-4978
Fax: (609) 777-0094

Using Family Search On-line Records to Find Probate Information

You can browse the "New Jersey, Probate Records, 1678-1980" (at FamilySearch - How to Use this Collection) and find filmed copies of many probate files.  It is a multi-step process but many records are filmed and available.

Step 1:  Go to the "Surrogate's docket index 1700-1972" under "New Jersey, Probate Records, 1678-1980" selecting the volume that includes the start of the family name you are looking for.  Inside each of these index volumes is a alphabetized by last name beginning letters and year.  For example, all names beginning with Ca come before any names beginning with Ce.  You must browse the index to find the right surname.

Step 2:  Once you find the right page the first names are listed in sections on the page.  When you find a surname and first name that you would like to see the probate file, look to the last column for the "Docket Number."

Step 3:  Once you have the docket number go to the "Estates 1783-1900" listing under "New Jersey, Probate Records, 1678-1980" and look for the docket number.  Once you are in the right film you will need to browse to find the docket number.  Most files are anywhere from four to twenty pages.  Once you find the estate file you can print or save it.

Online Probate Records

Repositories[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]
Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Essex County Courthouse
465 Martin Luther King Jr Blvd
Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: 973.621.4920

County Clerk has marriage records 1795-1879, divorce and court records from 1948 and naturalization records 1779-1929. City Clerks have birth and death records. County Surrogate has probate records. Register of Deeds has land records[5]

"The Record Room is the repository for copies of all legal documents which have been recorded within the County since its creation in 1637. The public has access rights to these documents and are permitted to make searches.

The records are available for public inspection between 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. By law, staff cannot conduct a title search, although upon request, the staff will familiarize the public with the indexing method and demonstrate how to use the books."

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]
Museums[edit | edit source]
Societies[edit | edit source]

Montclair Historical Society
108 Orange Road
Montclair, NJ 07042
Telephone: 973-744-1796
E-mail:mail@montclairhistorical.org
Website

Essex County Hall of Records
465 Martin Luther King Blvd, Rm #405
Newark, NJ 07102

Millburn-short Hills Historical Society
PO Box 243
Short Hills 07078
Website

Nutley Historical Society
65 Church Street
Nutley NJ 07110
Telephone: 973-667-1528
Website

Roseland Historical Society
126 Eagle Rock Avenue
Roseland

Verona Historical Society
PO Box 191
Verona 07044





Adopt-a-wiki page
NJGenWeb.gif This page adopted by:
NJGenWeb and its coordinators
who welcome you to contribute.
Adopt a page today
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Essex County,  New Jersey

Schools[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

New Jersey tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page New Jersey Taxation.


Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the New Jersey Vital Records State Department of Health or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. Original marriage records are usually held at the county Bureau of Vital Statistics.


Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

1606-1981 - New Jersey, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $

Death[edit | edit source]

Essex County, New Jersey Websites[edit | edit source]

Essex County, New Jersey Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Essex County

Essex County, New Jersey References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Essex County, New Jersey" in Wikipedia : the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essex_County,_New_Jersey accessed 29 August 2018.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Essex County, New Jersey . Page 464-465 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 460.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Essex County, New Jersey," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essex_County, New Jersey#Communities accessed 8 March 2020.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, New Jersey page 464, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.