England Examples of Apprenticeship Indentures (National Institute)

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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course English: Occupation Records-Professions and Trades and English: Occupations-Military & Services  by Dr. Penelope Christensen. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).







Training and Qualification (cont.)[edit | edit source]

CHART:

Trade Apprentice Indenture 1802

THIS INDENTURE Witnesseth that Richard Ratley as well of his own free will as by and with the consent of John Ratley his father of Henfield in the County of Sussex yeoman, doth put himself Apprentice to Ned Packham of Cuckfield in the said County, Plumber, Glazier and Painter to learn his Art and with him after the manner of an Apprentice to serve from the First day of January one thousand eight hundred and two, unto the full End and Term of Seven Years from thence start following to be complete and ended. During which Term the said Apprentice his Master faithfully shall serve, his secrets keep, his lawful commands every where gladly do. He shall do no damage to his said Master nor see to be done or other but to his Power shall let or forthwith give warning to his said Master of the same. He shall not waste the Goods of his said Master or lend them unlawfully to any. He shall not commit fornication nor contract Matrimony within the said Term. He shall not play at Cards or Dice Tables or any other unlawful Games whereby his said Master may have any loss with his own Goods or other during the said Term without Licence of his said Master. He shall neither buy nor sell, he shall not haunt Taverns or Play house, nor absent himself from his said Master’s Service day or night unlawfully. But in all things as a faithful Apprentice he shall behave himself towards his Master and all his during the said Term. And the said Ned Packham in Consideration of the Sum of Ten pounds to be paid by the said John Ratley doth Covenant, promise and agree with the said John Ratley, his Executors and Administrators by these presents that he the said Ned Packham his said Apprentice in the Art of a Plumber, Glazier and Painter which he useth, by the best means he can, shall teach and instruct or cause to be taught and instructed, Finding unto the said Apprentice Sufficient Meat, Drink and Lodging during the said Term. And the said John Ratley doth Covenant for himself, his Executors and Administrators, with the said Ned Packham to find and provide for his said son Washing, Mending, Apparell and all other Necessaries during his Apprenticeship.
And for the true performance of all and every the said Covenants and Agreements either of the said Parties bindeth himself unto the other by these Presents. In Witness whereof the Parties above named to these Indentures interchangeably have put their Hands and Seals the Sixteenth day of September and in the fortysixth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, and in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Eight hundred and one.
[Transcript provided by Angela Barnes.]


During the 18th century apprentices started to receive a very small weekly wage, rising each year (Golland).

CHART:

Trade Apprentice Indenture 1912
Campion Dashwood was 14 years 3 months.

THIS INDENTURE Witnesseth That Campion Dashwood doth put himself Apprentice to Frederick Norris, Market Parade, Gloucester, to learn his Art, trade or business and with him after the Manner of an Apprentice to serve from the 1st March 1912 until the full End and Term of Five years and thence next following to be fully complete and ended. DURING which Term the said Apprentice his Master faithfully shall serve, his secrets keep, his lawfull commands everywhere gladly do; he shall do no damage to his said Master nor see to be done of others but to the best of hispower shall prevent or forthwith give warning to hissaid Master of the same; he shall not waste the Goods of his said Master, nor lend them unlawfully to any; he shall not do any act whereby his said Master may have any loss with his own goods or others during the said Term without Licence of his said Master; shall neither buy nor sell nor absent himself from his said Master’s service day or night unlawfully. But in all things as a faithful Apprentice he shall behave himself towards his said Master and all his during the said Term. AND the said Frederick Norris agrees to pay his said apprentice:

First year Nil
2nd      5/-
3rd      7/-
4th      9/-
5th     11/-
[weekly]

He, said Apprentice, in the Art, trade or business of Coach and Motor Body Painting which he uses, by the best means that he can, shall teach and Instruct or cause to be taught and instructed Finding unto the said Apprentice sufficient Meat, Drink, Lodging and all other Necessaries during the said Term

AND for the true performance of all and every the said Covenants and Agreements either of the said Parties bindeth himself unto the other by these Presents. IN WITNESS whereof the parties above named have hereunto set their Hands and Seals the 21st May day of 1912 in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Nine Hundred and 12.
Signed sealed and delivered by the above named Christian William Dashwood (father), Campion Dashwood, Frederick Norris.


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