Ellesmere, Shropshire Genealogy
Guide to Ellesmere, Shropshire ancestry, family history, and genealogy: parish registers, transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.
|Poor Law Union||Ellesmere|
|Parish registers: 1654|
|Bishop's Transcripts: 1630|
|Probate Court||Court of the Peculiar of the Manor of Ellesmere|
|Location of Archive|
|Shropshire Record Office|
Parish History[edit | edit source]
In 1848 - ELLESMERE (St. Mary), a market-town and parish, and the head of a union, chiefly in the hundred of Pimhill, N. division of Shropshire, 16½ miles (N. N. W.) from Shrewsbury, and 178½ (N. W.) from London; with a portion of the parish in Flintshire.
Ellesmere (Anglo-Saxon: Aelsmere) is a small market town and parish in the Shropshire, England on the border with Wales. The area is known as ‘Shropshire’s Lakeland’ and the town is located by the side of 'The Mere'. This is one of nine glacial meres in the area, the others being Blakemere, Colemere, Crosemere, Kettlemere, Newtonmere, Whitemere, Sweatmere and Hanmer Mere.
Part of this parish was in Flintshire, Wales. See also Ellesmere, Flintshire.
A castle existed in Ellesmere probably as far back as the 11th-century.
In 1114, Henry I of England gave Ellesmere to William Peverel as a part of the Maelor. His descendants retained Ellesmere until around the late 1140's when the lordship was acquired by Madog ap Maredudd of Powys. Madog died in 1160 and Ellesmere came into the hands of Henry II of England.
In 1177 Henry II of England gave the manor of Ellesmere to Dafydd ab Owain Gwynedd who was, by this time, the sole ruler of Gwynedd. Dafydd remained lord of Ellesmere until his death in 1203.
In 1205, Llywelyn Fawr received Ellesmere as a wedding gift and retained control of the lordship until his death in 1240. The lordship then appears to have later passed into the hands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd or his brother Dafydd ap Gruffydd, grandsons of Llywelyn Olaf. The castle eventually fell to the English in March 1282.
Ellesmere was annexed to Shropshire in 1535. It was part of the Hundred of Pimhill.
The ancient parish included the townships of Ellesmere, Colemere, Crickett, Criftins, Eastwick, Elson-with-Greenhill, Birch and Lythe, Cockshutt and Crosemere, Frankton, Hamptons Wood, Hardwick, Kenwicks with Stockett and Whettall, Kenwicks Park, Kenwicks Wood, Lee, Lyneal, New Marton, Newnes, Northwood, Oteley with Newton and Spoonhill, Ridges, Stocks with Coptivinney, Tetchill with French, and the chapelry of Dudleston. It also included the chapelry of Penley in Flintshire.
Resources[edit | edit source]
Ellesmere Canal[edit | edit source]
In 1791 a meeting took place at Ellesmere to propose the construction of a canal from Netherpool (which later became known as Ellesmere Port) on the River Mersey to the River Dee at Chester and then via Overton on to the River Severn at Shrewsbury. This canal would have branches to nearby iron making and coal mining areas.
The canal that was eventually constructed was very different from what was originally envisioned. By 1795 the proposed main route had been moved further to the west in order to take in the industrial areas around Ruabon and Wrexham. The Ellesmere Canal was eventually constructed in sections, with Thomas Telford as engineer, but the original goal was never reached. The canal was terminated at Pontcysyllte near Ruabon where a feeder branch was constructed along the Dee valley to the Horseshoe Falls at Llantisilio, near Llangollen. The final section linking Ruabon to Chester was never constructed, neither was the link south to Shrewsbury.
Today this section is known as the Llangollen Canal and is used mainly for leisure purposes and runs from Llangollen, Pontcysyllte, Chirk, Ellesmere, Bettisfield, Whitchurch, Marbury, Wrenbury and Hurleston, where it joins the Shropshire Union Canal.
Census Records[edit | edit source]
Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.
The parish of Ellesmere formed part of the Oswestry Registrar's District.
Church Records[edit | edit source]
The following records of Ellesmere are available on the IGI:
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Baptisms||1757-1812||C037421|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Baptisms||1813-1875||C037422|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Baptisms||1663-1757||C037423|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Baptisms||1630-1664||C037424|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Marriages||1737-1812||M037421|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Marriages||1813-1836||M037422|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Marriages||1654-1737||M037423|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Marriages||1630-1664 & 1685-1699||M037424|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Mixed||E037423|
|The Blessed Virgin Mary||Mixed||E037424|
Ellesmere, Shropshire Genealogy parish registers of christenings, marriages and burials are available online for the following years:
|FMP = Shropshire Records (findmypast) - (£)|
|Ellesmere, Shropshire Genealogy Parish (1558) Online Records|
Bishop's transcripts held at Lichfield Record Office Bap 1630-1880 Marr 1630-1886 Bur 1630-1878
The following records of Ellesmere are available on the IGI:
|Ellesmere Independent Chapel||Baptisms||1812-1837||C016402|
|Ellesmere Independent Chapel||Mixed||1787-1811||P016401|
Nonconformist Church Records[edit | edit source]
- 1717 England & Wales, Roman Catholics, 1717 at FindMyPast ($), index and images
Civil Records[edit | edit source]
The parish of Ellesmere originally formed part of the Ellesmere Registration District but was later incorporated into the Oswestry Registration District.
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Ordnance Survey map of Ellesmere
- Maelor Saesneg - The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust
- BBC Radio Shropshire panoramic view of Ellesmere
References[edit | edit source]
- Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 158-161. Date accessed: 10 July 2012.
- 'Shropshire Baptisms 1538-1900,' findmypast, accessed 28 April 2014.
- 'Shropshire Marriages 1538-1900,' findmypast, accessed 28 April 2014.
- 'Shropshire Banns 1760-1900,' findmypast, accessed 28 April 2014.
- 'Shropshire Burials 1538-1900,' findmypast, accessed 28 April 2014.