Denmark, Court Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

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Access the Records
This article describes a collection of records scheduled to become available at
Flag of Denmark.png
Flag of Denmark
DK Counties 1793-1808.jpg
Map of Denmark, 1793-1970
Denmark Locator Map.jpg
Location of Denmark
Record Description
Record Type Court
Collection years: 1854-1926
Language: Danish
Title in the Language: Danmark, Straffeattest, 1854-1926
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
The Danish National Archives

What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

This collection includes court records from 1854-1926. Court records are an account of court proceedings in deciding property disputes, guardianship, thefts, drunkenness, assaults, murders or other matters brought before a court. Ancestors may be found in court records perhaps as defendants, plaintiffs, or witnesses.

Most court records were kept beginning in the 1600’s and were filed first in the city courts (bytinget). Before the probate law of 1683, many probate records were part of the general court records. Probate records are available for viewing in the separate collection Denmark, Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records.

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.

For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

Reading These Records[edit | edit source]

These records are written in Danish with the exception of Schleswig and parts of northern Jutland where some records may be in German. A basic understanding of the Danish language is needed to read the records. For help reading them see:

Important words you may find in these records:

  • Advokat, sagfører – lawyer, attorney
  • Årstal - year
  • Birk - district
  • Borgerlige - civil cases
  • Byfogden - sheriff, judge

  • Byretten – district court
  • Bytinget - city court
  • Herred, herreder - District, districts
  • Højesteret – Supreme court
  • Justitsprotokol - justice protocol

  • Landsarkivet - country archive
  • Landsretten – High court
  • Magistraten - magistrate, judge
  • Rådstueretten - city hall courts
  • Skøde - deed (property)

  • Sogn - parish
  • Straffeattest - court records
  • Straffesager - criminal cases
  • Testes, vidner - witnesses

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

  • Names of primary individuals
  • Date and nature of the court case
  • Names of family members or witnesses
  • Residences
  • Description of property
  • Monies exchanged
  • Birth, death or marriage details
  • Occupation

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • Name of the person
  • Approximate date of the event

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

You will be able to search this collection when it is published.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Add the new information to your records
  • Use the information to find the person in other records
  • Analyze the entry to see if if provides additional clues to find other records of the person or their family

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • The person may be recorded with an abbreviated or variant form of their name
  • Try searching by surname only
  • Given names may not always be spelled exactly the same or be as complete as those recorded in vital records, and your ancestor may have used nicknames at different times.
  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor.

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Denmark.

Citing this Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records/Guidelines for Articles.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.