Danish Military Levying Rolls (Lægdsruller)
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Denmark Military Levying Rolls
Lægdsruller are records of the males who could be enlisted for service in the army or navy. These rolls have many different uses. For genealogical purposes they are used mainly to follow the registered individual's movements, identify a birthplace, find which military unit they were assigned to, and when they completed their obligation.
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Background[edit | edit source]
In 1788, adscription was repealed and the foundation was laid for a civilian service. This was done by regulation on June 20, 1788. Previously the private landowners had the obligation to provide personnel for the army. After adscription's repeal this responsibility was shifted to the king and the state. There was thus created a direct relationship between the state and the conscripts.
In subsequent years there was an agency created by the government known as a lægdsvæsen to watch over its conscripts. It was important for the government to know how large a force it possessed in case of war. Therefore, it became the state's responsibility to keep detailed records of the male population in lægdsruller.
Articles[edit | edit source]
- Why use the Lægdsruller?
- What's a Lægd?
- How to Find Military Levy Numbers (Lægdnummer)
- Who was recorded in the Lægdsruller?
- When was a person registered in the Lægdsruller?
- Types of Lægdsruller
- Content of the Lægdsruller
- Removals and Exemptions
- Administration and Registration Process
- Military Records for Sønderjylland (Southern Denmark/Northern Slesvig)
Strategy[edit | edit source]
How to find someone in the levying rolls[edit | edit source]
1. Find the Lægd number of your ancestor's parish. Go to the Family Search Research wiki page for your parish. On the parish's main page, you will see a blue box, and in that box will be the Lægd number of that parish.
2. Go to the Danish National Archives' Arkivalieronline Lægdsruller page.
3. There are five collections to chose from:
- Alfabetiske lister (lægsruller) - Alphabetical lists of registrants from Prussian authorities
- Lægdsruller fra centraladministrationen - Rolls from 1706-1931 from the Central Administration
- Lægdsruller fra København - Rolls for 1847-1921 for the Copenhagen area
- Lægdsruller fra lokaladministrationen - Rolls from 1692-1957 created by local authorities
- Søruller - Lists of males from coastal areas to serve in the navy
4. For 1789-1864, click on Lægdsruller fra centraladministrationen. This will bring up a short list. Here, click on Lægdsruller (1789 - 1864). This brings up a page with a long list of rolls on the left column, alphabetized by county name. Scroll down to your county, then click on the year you wish to search.
|NOTE: There are two types of levying roll records: the Hovedrulle and the Tilgangsrulle. The Hovedrulle is the main roll listing every eligible male in the parish, and Tilgangsrulle is the supplementary roll listing only those who moved onto or off the rolls since the last main roll was taken. Choose the Hovedrulle to verify that he was in living the parish and eligible for military service. Choose the Tilgangsrulle to verify any changes such as moves, deaths, or male births. "Omskrevet" means "Rewritten".|
For 1864 1931- These rolls are organized by "Kreds" or districts, not by county. There were seven Kreds for Denmark. You need know the Kreds in which your county was located. To see a county map and determine your Kreds number, click on Kom godt i gang med at bruge lægdsruller (on the right side, in red) and then on Læs mere om amter, udskrivningskredse og lægder ( in the center section). Go back to the previous page and click on Lægdsruller (landruller), [your Kreds Number] udskrivningskreds [Year Range]. For Kreds 1 and 2, then click on Læs scannet udgave af arkivserien her.
- Scroll down and find the year you wish to search. There will be several listings for each year, each followed by a number, which is the beginning lægd number in that group (See note in the box above on whether to choose the Hovedrulle or Tilgangsrulle).
- Then Click on "Læs arkivalier her" in red on that line. Turn the pages of the book using the arrows at the top of the page.
5. Find your lægd number, which is on the upper corner of each right page, listed in chronological order. In the Hovedrulle there are usually about 3-7 pages for each lægd or parish. Search all the pages in that lægd for your ancestor's name with his father or son.
6. Reading the column headings: You will see two numbers to the left of your ancestor's. The first number is his listing number in the previous roll and second is his number in the current. In the third column will be the names of him and his father. Next is listed his birthplace, then his age, height, and current residence in the parish, followed by any remarks which are usually pertaining to his military service. See the abbreviations list to translate these remarks.
7. If you wish to follow him through to other years (either backward or forward in time), go back to the county list on the left sidebar, choose the next or previous year in the Hovedrulle, find the same lægd number again, and and look for his listing under the numbers that were by his name. To search in the previous roll, the first number by his name will now be in the second column by his name. To search in the following roll, the second number by his name will now be in the first column.
If he moved and changed parishes, his name will be crossed off and there will be a note by his name indicating his new lægd number and listing number in that lægd. Alphabetical letters were assigned to each year, so you can tell whether to search for his listing in the roll of the same year or the next roll.
Alternate Website for Viewing Danish Military Records
Danish Family Search is a website where one can view Danish Military Records. See at: http://www.danishfamilysearch.com/ Select 'Military Levying Rolls' from Overview drop-down menu. Left mouse-click on the magnifying glass to the left of the correct district, and then choose the place and years to view. Danish Family Search website instructions can be viewed in either English or Danish language.
Tools for using the Lægdsruller[edit | edit source]
- Registration Area Numbers (Lægdsnummer)
- Letter associated to the year of registration
- Common abbreviations in the Army Lægdsruller.
- FamilySearch Indexing: Denmark, Lægdsruller, 1789-1792
References[edit | edit source]
Statens Arkiver. Lægdsruller. Denmark: Landsarkivet for Sjælland Lolland-Falster & Bornholm, 2008