Cumberland County, Illinois Genealogy

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Guide to Cumberland County, Illinois ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Cumberland County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: March 2, 1843
County Seat Toledo
Cumberland County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Cumberland County Courthouse
140 Courthouse Square
Toledo, Illinois 62468
(217) 849-2631
Cumberland County Website

County Organization[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1810
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1916. General compliance by 1922.

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Cumberland County are kept, see the Cumberland County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Cumberland County is named for the Cumberland Road, which was named for the town of Cumberland, Maryland.

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for the National Road (Cumberland Road), which was projected to run through it. The County Seat is Toledo and was founded 1843. It is located in the East Central area of the state.[2]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 2 March 1843: - Cumberland County was created from Coles County. [3]

For animated maps illustrating Illinois county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Illinois County Boundary Maps" (1790-1869) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1885 All records were lost in a fire on 5 November.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Records and Resources[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Cumberland, Illinois online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Illinois Cemeteries for more information

Census[edit | edit source]

For information and tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.

Federal[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 3,718
1860 8,311 123.5%
1870 12,223 47.1%
1880 13,759 12.6%
1890 15,443 12.2%
1900 16,124 4.4%
1910 14,281 −11.4%
1920 12,858 −10.0%
1930 10,419 −19.0%
1940 11,698 12.3%
1950 10,496 −10.3%
1960 9,936 −5.3%
1970 9,772 −1.7%
1980 11,062 13.2%
1990 10,670 −3.5%
2000 11,253 5.5%
2010 11,048 −1.8%
Source: "".

State[edit | edit source]

Centennial Celebrations, etc[edit | edit source]

Church History and Records[edit | edit source]


  • 1843–1972 Lacey, Ruth and Walter. History of Long Point Circuit and Long Point Chapel, Cumberland County, 1843-1972: Long Point Chapel of Union Township NW1/4, Section 24, T1ON, Range 10E; Long Point Cemetery of Union Township. Greenup, Illinois : Cumberland County Genealogical Society (Illinois), 1972. At other Libraries(WorldCat) FHL book 977.373 K2L

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Ethnic Research[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

The following have information concerning African American research.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Mailing Lists[edit | edit source]

Message Boards[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.png [1] for more information.

Online Resources

Maps[edit | edit source]

Coles CountyClark CountyJasper CountyShelby CountyEffingham CountyIL CUMBERLAND.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military History and Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Cumberland County.

- 5th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Companies A and I.
- 21st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 59th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 97th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B and D.
- 123rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 135th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company I.
  • Illinois Trails History and Genealogy. 1862-1863 military census of males aged 18 to 45 in various towns of Cumberland County, who were eligible for Civil War military duty (accessed 2 Jun 2011).

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Toledo Democrat
802 Court House Square
P.O. Box 7
Toledo, IL 62468
(217) 849-2000

Greenup Press
104 W. Cumberland St.
P.O. Box 127
Greenup, IL 62428
(217) 923-3704

Neoga News
577 Chestnut Ave.
P.O. Box 250
Neoga, IL 62447
(217) 895-2234

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Places and Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Repositories[edit | edit source]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Cumberland County are kept, see the Cumberland County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

There are over 4500 Family History Centers worldwide which serve as branch facilities of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.  Volunteers provide research assistance to help patrons identify their ancestors.  Microfilm and microfiche may be ordered from the FHL collection at a nominal cost.  Locate your nearest Family History Center at the FamilySearch website.  Call ahead to verify operating hours.  All are welcome.

The following centers are accessible to residents of Cumberland County, Illinois:

Champaign Illinois Family History Center
604 W Windsor Rd
Champaign, Champaign, Illinois
Phone: 217-352-8063
Hours: Thur-Sat 9:30-12:30pm; Thur 7pm-9pm; or by appt

Danville Illinois Family History Center
1941 N Bowman Ave
Danville, Vermilion, Illinois
Phone: 217-446-5887
Hours: Sat 9:30am-2pm

Terre Haute Indiana Family History Center 
1845 N 6 1/2 St
Terre Haute, Vigo, Indiana
Phone: 812-234-0269
Hours: Tue 6:30 p.m. - 8 p.m.
Closed: Mondays after 6:00 p.m., all major holidays, inclement weather, whenever Vigo school are on delays or early dismissals.
Attention: The Center is also available by appointment.

Please note: Addresses posted are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)[edit | edit source]

The Illinois State Archives administers a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD) to manage the archival records of local governments.  Local governments which have transferred records to the regional depositories include counties, townships, municipalities, and school districts.  The records of Cumberland County come under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) regional depository.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

Eastern Illinois University
Booth Library
600 Lincoln Avenue
Charleston, IL 61920
Telephone: (217) 581-6093

Hours: Monday – Friday, except state holidays
9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Note: The depository is staffed by graduate student interns. Because of class scheduling conflicts, hours may vary somewhat from the published schedule. Researchers are urged to call before planning a visit.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Sumpter Township Library
Court House Square
P.O. Box 67
Toledo, IL 62468
(217) 849-2072

Greenup Carnegie Library
101 N. Mill
P.O. Box 275
Greenup, IL 62428
(217) 923-3616

Neoga District Library
550 Chestnut Ave.
Neoga, IL 62447
(217) 895-3944

Social Groups Online[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information. See also How to order Illinois Vital Records or order electronically online.

Births[edit | edit source]

Marriages[edit | edit source]

Deaths[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

Databases pertinent to Cumberland County

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cumberland County, Illinois. Page 192-199 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 194-197.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Illinois 4/11/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.; Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002 WorldCat 50140092, FHL Book 973 D27e 2002
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Cumberland County, Illinois," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Illinois, Last accessed 19 December 2019.