Craig County, Virginia Genealogy

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Guide to Craig County, Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Craig County, Virginia
Boundary map of Craig County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Craig County
Location in the state of Virginia, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1851
County Seat New Castle

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Craig County is located in the Western portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia sharing a border with West Virginia. Craig County was named for Robert Craig, a 19th-century Virginia congressman[1].

Craig County Virginia Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Craig County Courthouse
P.O. Box 185
303 Main Street
New Castle, VA 24127-0185
Phone: 540-864-6141

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1864-1896,
marriage, divorce, probate and court and land records from 1851[2]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Marriage Court Land Probate Census
1864 1851 1864 1851 1851 1851 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Craig County Virginia History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1851 Craig County was created 21 March 1851 from Botetourt, Giles, Roanoke and Monroe (West Virginia) Counties.
County seat: New Castle.[2]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1863 and 1864 Deed Book A and most loose papers were destroyed in December 1863 and June 1864.[4]

After the record loss, deeds were re-recorded in Deed Books B and C. Bound volumes of court orders and wills still exist.[4]

  • Lost census: 1890

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Craig County Virginia Genealogy Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities

Craig County Virginia Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Craig County. The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1964):26-27. FHL; online at American Ancestors ($).

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 3,553
1870 2,942 −17.2%
1880 3,794 29.0%
1890 3,835 1.1%
1900 4,293 11.9%
1910 4,711 9.7%
1920 4,100 −13.0%
1930 3,562 −13.1%
1940 3,769 5.8%
1950 3,452 −8.4%
1960 3,356 −2.8%
1970 3,524 5.0%
1980 3,948 12.0%
1990 4,372 10.7%
2000 5,091 16.4%
2010 5,190 1.9%
Source: "".


  • Botetourt County, Va., 1785 Enumeration. 1972. By Charles T. Burton. Troutville, Virginia : C.T. Burton. Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library, Ancestry ($). All or part of present-day county of Craig is included.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Court[edit | edit source]

  • Acts and Joint Resolutions Passed by the General Assembly of the State of Virginia during the Session 1895-96. 1895. Richmond, VA : J.H. O'Bannon Superintendent of Public Printing. Online at: Google Books.
  • Library of Virginia's Chancery Record Index includes digital images of Craig County chancery records for the years 1853-1912. Index can be used to search for records up until 1942 - see online catalog or Archives Research Services for availability.

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Compiled Genealogies by Surname

Compiled Genealogies for Multiple Families

  • Groseclose, Wanda W. In the Shadows of Our Ancestors, Descendants of Thomas Abbott and Twenty-six Connected Pioneer Families of Craig County, Virginia: including Brickey, Britts, Brizendine, Caldwell, Carper, Craft, Crawford, Crowder, Damewood, Duncan, Elmore, Fisher, Francisco, Greenway, Huffman, Hutchison, Jones, Lafon, Lee, Leffel, Looney, Lucas, Lugar, Paitsel, Reynolds and Sarver. 2 vols. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2004. FHL Collection 929.273 Ab29g v. 1
  • Keeney, Roscoe C. Census, Craig Co., Virginia, 1860 Annotated. Charleston, W. Va.: R.C. Keeney, 199-?. FHL Collection 975.5795 X2k 1860

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Craig County Virginia. 1907. By New Castle, Virginia. Roanoke, VA : Stone. Online at: Hathitrust.
  • Folk-Songs of Virginia. 1949. By Arthur Kyle Davis, Jr. Durham, NC : Duke University Press. Online at: Hathitrust.
  • Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. 2007. By William F. Boogher. Baltimore : Genealogical Pub. Co. Online at: Google Books; At various libraries (WorldCat).
  • History of Virginia - Vol VI Virginia Biography. 1924. By The American Historical Society. Online at: Google Books

Maps[edit | edit source]

Clifton Forge (Independent City)Covington (Independent City)Roanoke (Independent City)Salem (Independent City)Roanoke CountyMontgomery CountyGiles CountyBotetourt CountyAlleghany CountyMonroe CountyVA CRAIG.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

War of 1812[edit | edit source]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... 1883. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Online at: Google Books,Internet Archive, also at FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5. See Vol. 5, Virginia, Craig County, p. 68.61
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Craig County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Craig County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 28th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company B (Craig Rifles) and Company D (Craig Mountain Boys).[6]
- 54th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company K (The Roanoke Guards).[7]

Records and histories are available, including:

World War II[edit | edit source]

Miscellaneous Records[edit | edit source]

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Craig County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes to Craig County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]
Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

Craig County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

To locate the closest family history center or affiliate library, use the link listed above.

Craig County Virginia Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Craig County Virginia Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  2. 2.02.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Craig County, Virginia. Page 712 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Craig County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  4. 4.04.1 Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 4-5, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Craig_ County,_Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Virginia#Communities accessed 10 January 2020.
  6. Frank E. Fields, 28th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 15.
  7. George L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 54th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 91.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at