Cook Islands Languages

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Description[edit | edit source]

The official languages of the Cook Islands include English and Cook Islands Māori (or "Rarotongan"). Cook Islands Maori and its dialectic variants are closely related to both Tahitian and to New Zealand Māori. The language of Pukapukan is also spoken and is closely related to the Samoan language. [1] It is the language spoken on the Island of Pukapuka located in the northern section of the Cook Islands. [2]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

Māori

Days of the week and Months in Māori

Days of the Week
Day Adaptation Official
Monday Mane Rāhina
Tuesday Tūrei Rātū
Wednesday Wenerei Rāapa
Thursday Tāite Rāpare
Friday Paraire Rāmere
Saturday Rāhoroi/Hāterei Rāhoroi
Sunday Rātapu/Wiki Rātap
Months of the Year
Month Adaptation Official
January Hānuere Kohi-tātea
February Pēpuere Hui-tanguru
March Māehe Poutū-te-rangi
April Āperira Paenga-whāwhā
May Mei Haratua
June Hune Pipiri
July Hūrae Hōngongoi
August Ākuhata Here-turi-kōkā
September Hepetema Mahuru
October Oketopa Whiringa-ā-nuku
November Noema Whiringa-ā-rangi
December Tīhema Hakihea




Words for family members and other relatives in Māori (Te Reo Māori), a Polynesian language spoken in the Cook Islands and New Zealand

Māori (Te Reo Māori) Language
English Meaning Māori (Te Reo Māori) Meaning
family
  • whāmere (family, household)
  • whānau (extended family)
  • ngare (family, kin, blood relatives, relations)
parents mātua, (sg. matua)
father matua, matua tāne, pāpara
mother kowhaea, kōkā, māmā, whaea, whaene
child(ren) taitamaiti, tamaiti
son tama
daughter tamāhine, tamawahine
husband hoa tāne, tāne, tahu, tau
wife wahine
sibling hāmua (older)
brother
  • kauaemua (older/eldest brother/sister)
  • teina, taina (older brother of a male)
  • taina (younger brother of a male)
  • tungāne (brother of a female)
  • parata
sister
  • kauaemua (older/eldest brother/sister)
  • tuākana (older sister of a female)
  • teina, taina (younger sister of a female)
  • kaikuahine (sister of a male)
Māori (Te Reo Māori) Language
English Meaning Māori (Te Reo Māori) Meaning
uncle matua, matua tāne, matakēkē
aunt whaea, whaene, kōkā, matakēkē
cousin
  • kaihana, parata
  • tuahine (female cousin of a male)
  • tungāne (male cousin of a female)
  • epeepe, matamatahuānga (distant cousin/relative)
nephew tama, irāmutu, tamaiti whakaangi
niece irāmutu, tamaiti whakaangi
grandparents tīpuna, tūpuna
grandfather tupuna tāne, tipuna tāne
grandmother tipuna wahine, tupuna wahine, tāua
grandchild mokopuna, moko
  • father-in-law
  • mother-in-law
hūngoi, hungawai, hungarei
  • son-in-law
  • daughter-in-law
hinaonga, hunōnga
foster father matua whangai
foster mother whaea whāngai
  • step-father
  • step-mother
matakēkē




Pukapukan and Samoan

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Māori

A a Ā ā E e Ē ē H h I i Ī ī K k M m
a ā e ē ha i ī ka ma
[a/ʌ] [aː/ʌ:] [e] [eː] [h/ç] [i] [iː] [k(ʰ)] [m]
N n Ng ng O o Ō ō P p R r T t U u Ū ū
na nga o ō pa ra ta u ū
[n] [ŋ] [o] [oː] [p(ʰ)] [ɾ] [t(ʰ)] [ʊ/u] [ʊ:/u:]
W w Wh wh
wa wha
[w] [ɸ/f/w]

Diphthongs: meaning a sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable, in which the sound begins as one vowel and moves toward another

ua ūa ue ui ūi uo oa oe oi
[ua̯] [uːa̯] [ue̯/u̯e] [ui̯/u̯i] [u:i̯] [uo̯ /u̯o] [oa̯] [oe̯] [oi̯]
ōi ou ōu ia īa ie ae āe ai
[o:i̯] [ou̯] [o:u̯] [ia̯] [i:a̯] [ie̯/i̯e] [ae̯] [aːe̯] [ai̯]
ao āo au āu ea ei ēi eo eu
[ao̯] [aːo̯] [aʊ̯] [a:ʊ̯] [ea̯] [ei̯] [e:i̯] [eo̯] [eʊ̯]
iu io īo
[iu̯] [io̯] [iːo̯]

Pukapukan and Samoan

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Māori

Pukapukan and Samoan

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]


References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Languages in the Cook Islands," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cook_Islands#Language, accessed 9 June 2021.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Pukapukan Language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pukapukan_language, accessed 12 June 2021.