Connecticut Emigration and Immigration

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Online resources[edit | edit source]

People[edit | edit source]

Colonial settlers of Connecticut generally came from Great Britain and neighboring New England states. Descendants of these early settlers later scattered throughout northern New England, upstate New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Texas. Many Irish and German immigrants began coming in the late 1840s. French-Canadian immigration began after the Civil War and continued through the rest of the nineteenth century. Late in the century most immigrants came from the southern and eastern countries of Europe, including Italy, Hungary, Poland, and Russia.

Indexes[edit | edit source]

The Records[edit | edit source]

The major port of entry to New England is Boston. The Family History Library and the National Archives have passenger lists for Boston for 1820 to March 1874 and 1883 to 1935. The following indexes are available:

The Massachusetts State Archives also has Boston passenger lists for 1848 to 1874 and 1883 to 1891. This includes records for the nine years missing from the National Archives records. The 1848 to 1891 index (above) is an index to the state lists but can also be used for the National Archives records.

Incomplete 19th century passenger lists are available for: 

These are indexed in United States, Index to Passenger Arrivals, Atlantic and Gulf Ports, 1820-1874 mentioned above.

Also consult passenger lists of other New England ports and for ports in Canada.

Information on ethnic groups, such as African-Americans, French-Canadians, Jews, and Swedes, can be found in Connecticut Cultural Groups.

Also see United States Emigration and Immigration.