Clay County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Clay County, North Carolina ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Hayesville
Organized: February 20, 1861
Parent County(s): Cherokee[1]
Neighboring Counties
Cherokee  • Macon  • Rabun (GA)  • Towns (GA)  • Union (GA)
See County Maps
Courthouse
NorthCarolinaClayCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Nc-clay.png
Adoption
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Henry Clay

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Clay County is located in the southwest portion of North Carolina and shares a border with Georgia. It was named for Henry Clay (1777-1852)[2], a U.S. congressional leader and presidential candidate from Kentucky.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Clay County Courthouse
261 Courthouse Drive, Suite 1
Hayesville, NC 28904
Phone: 828-389-2300
Clay County Website

Register of Deeds has birth, death and military records from 1913, marriage records from 1879 and land records from 1870.[3]

Clay County, North Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1913 1879 1913 1868 1870 1862 1784
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1913. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1870 Fire (not courthouse) destroyed all records of the county.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1861 Clay County was created 20 February 1861 from Cherokee County.
  • County seat: Hayesville[5]

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Towns
Unincorporated communities
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Clay County, North Carolina online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 2,461
1880 3,316 34.7%
1890 4,197 26.6%
1900 4,532 8.0%
1910 3,909 −13.7%
1920 4,646 18.9%
1930 5,434 17.0%
1940 6,405 17.9%
1950 6,006 −6.2%
1960 5,526 −8.0%
1970 5,180 −6.3%
1980 6,619 27.8%
1990 7,155 8.1%
2000 8,775 22.6%
2010 10,587 20.6%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".


Church Records[edit | edit source]


List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Cherokee CountyMacon CountyTowns CountyUnion CountyFannin CountyGeorgiaNC CLAY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Clay County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Clay County:

- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company G
- 7th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry, Company B
- 7th Battalion, North Carolina Cavalry, Company C

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

County Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Old Buncombe County Genealogical Society
    PO Box 2122
    Asheville, NC 28802-2122
    Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. "Henry Clay,"
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, North Carolina. Page 506-514 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 505-509.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), North Carolina.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay County, North Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clay_County,_North_Carolina#Communities, accessed 11 February 2020.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/4/4d/Iginorthcarolinaa.pdf.