Clay County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Clay County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Fort Gaines
Organized: February 16, 1854
Parent County(s): Early, Randolph[1]
Neighboring Counties
Barbour (AL)  • Calhoun  • Early  • Henry (AL)  • Quitman  • Randolph
See County Maps
Courthouse
Clay County Court House; Fort Gaines, Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Clay County Map.png
Adoption
Henry Clay

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Henry Clay. The County is located in the southwestern area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Clay County Courthouse
210 S Washington
PO Box 550
Fort Gaines, GA 31751-0550
Phone: 912-768-3238
Clay County Website

Clerk Superior Court has divorce and land records.[3]

Clay County, Georgia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1919 1854 1919 1854 1854 1854 1820
Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1854 Clay County was created 16 February 1854 from Early and Randolph Counties.
  • County seat: Fort Gaines[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
  • Bellville
  • Cotton Hill
  • Days Crossroads
  • Garnersville
  • Harrisons Mill
  • Jones Crossing
  • Jones Crossing
  • Oakland
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Clay, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Clay County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 4,893
1870 5,493 12.3%
1880 6,650 21.1%
1890 7,817 17.5%
1900 8,568 9.6%
1910 8,960 4.6%
1920 7,557 −15.7%
1930 6,943 −8.1%
1940 7,064 1.7%
1950 5,844 −17.3%
1960 4,551 −22.1%
1970 3,636 −20.1%
1980 3,553 −2.3%
1990 3,364 −5.3%
2000 3,357 −0.2%
2010 3,183 −5.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".


Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Clay County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Quitman CountyRandolph CountyCalhoun CountyEarly CountyHenry CountyBarbour CountyGA CLAY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Clay County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Clay County:

- 9th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company D
- 32nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company F
- 51st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company I
- 59th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company E


  • Todd, Donald (Priscilla Neves). 1976. The History of Clay County. [Fort Gaines, Ga.]: [Clay County Library Board?]. (Chapter VI) 975.8927 H2
  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Clay County). 1966. Confederate pension records, 1890-1958. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Film 454212

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Clay County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Clay County. For state-wide library facilities, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Clay County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Georgia Societies.

  • Ft. Gaines Historical Society
    P.O. Box 6
    Ft. Gaines, GA 31751
  • Ft. Oglethorpe Preservation Society
    P.O. Box 5321
    Ft. Oglethorpe, GA 30742

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clay_County,_Georgia accessed 31 Oct 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 20. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay County, Georgia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clay_County%2C_Georgia, accessed 3 Febuary 2019.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/0/09/Igigeorgiaad.pdf.