Cheraw District, South Carolina Genealogy
History[edit | edit source]
In 1768 South Carolina replaced all of her previous counties with seven court districts including the newly organized area of the Cheraw District. In 1785 South Carolina disestablished Anglican churches (St. David's and St. Mark's parishes) as government record keeping organizations, and created three subordinate counties within the overarching Cheraw District:
and in 1792:
In 1800 South Carolina abolished all her overarching districts including Cheraw District. However, the remaining counties were often called districts as late as 1868.
For documents of people who lived in this area from 1768 to 1800, look in:
- St. Mark's Parish records since 1757
- St. David's Parish records since 1768
- papers filed in the District Seat sometimes at Long Bluff now Society Hill, or sometimes District Seat at Cheraw (also known as Cheraw Hill, or Chatham)
- papers filed in the early capital at Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina Genealogy
Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]
For animated maps illustrating South Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
Variant Spellings[edit | edit source]
Record Loss[edit | edit source]
A courthouse fire on 19 March 1806 destroyed most of Darlington County's records with the exception of early probate files; this fire also destroyed the early records of the Cheraw Judicial District. The negligence of a local district ordinary also resulted in the subsequent destruction of a portion of loose probate papers.
Resources[edit | edit source]
African American[edit | edit source]
- Heinegg, Paul. "'Other Free' Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by County," Free African Americans.com. [Includes free blacks in Cheraw District.]
Census[edit | edit source]
Genealogy[edit | edit source]
- [Lee] Stonecypher, Thomas E. David Lee a Revolutionary Soldier from Cheraw District, S.C., and Bulloch Co., Ga. Albany, Ga.: T.E. Stonecypher, 2002. FHL 929.273 L511s; digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library.
- [Tidwell] Johnson, Charles Owen. "The Tidwell Family," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1973):3-7; Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1973):114-121; Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1973):181-186; Vol. 17, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1973):295-299; Vol. 18, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1974):35-40; Vol. 18, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1974):129-135; Vol. 18, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1974):175-182; Vol. 18, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1974):257-264; Vol. 19, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1975):39-45. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 17 (1973) - v. 19 (1975).
Local Histories[edit | edit source]
- Gregg, Alexander. History of the Old Cheraws: Containing an Account of the Aborigines of the Pedee, the First White Settlements, Their Subsequent Progress, Civil Changes, the Struggle of the Revolution, and Growth of the Country Afterward; Extending from about A. D. 1730 to 1810, with Notices of Families and Sketches of Individuals. New York: Richardson and Company, 1867. 1967 reprint: FHL 975.7 F2g 1967; FHL 975.7 F2g index 1986; digital versions at FamilySearch Digital Library; Google Books; Internet Archive; World Vital Records ($); another World Vital Records ($) version.
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Cheraws District, South Carolina, courtesy: Carolana.com. Includes history.
- Old Darlington District Chapter, SCGS P.O. Box 175, Hartsville, SC 29551
References[edit | edit source]
- "A History of Cheraws District" in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/cheraws_district_sc.html (accessed 7 May 2011).
- "South Carolina Districts and Parishes 1770" [map] in Carolana at http://www.carolana.com/SC/Royal_Colony/sc_royal_colony_districts_parishes_1770.html (accessed 7 May 2011).
- "South Carolina Counties with Burned Courthouses" in genealogyinc.com at http://www.genealogyinc.com/southcarolina/sc-counties.html#courthouse (accessed 10 May 2011).