Guide to Cayuse Tribe ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]
The Umatilla Reservation was established in 1855 for the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla Indians. They joined together as the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation in 1949.
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
PO Box 638
73239 Confederated Way
Pendleton, Oregon 97801
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation
History[edit | edit source]
Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]
1836: Marcus Whitman and Henry Spalding and their wives founded a Presbyterian mission - Waiilatpu
1847-50: Cayuse War, one cause was the spread of measles; the Whitman's were killed.
- 1855 June 9, Treaty at Camp Stevens, with the Walla Walla, Cayuse, Etc.,
1878: the Cayuse supported the Bannock and Yakama in the Bannock War
Ancestral homes along the Columbia River, Grande Ronde, Umatilla and Wallawalla Rivers in northeast Oregon and southeast Washington.
Reservations[edit | edit source]
The tribe was under the jurisdiction of the following Superintendencies
Additional References[edit | edit source]
A good history of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation is included on the tribal web site.
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Cayuse tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
Robert H. Ruby. The Cayuse Indians, Imperial Tribesmen of Old Oregon. Norman, OK. University of Oklahoma Press, 1975. FHL Book 970.3 C318r
Clifford Earl Trafzer. Yakima, Palouse, Cayuse, Umatilla, Walla Walla and Wanapum Indians: an Historical Bibliography. FHL Book 970.1 T676y
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Agency Records[edit | edit source]
Correspondence and Census
|Tribe||Agency||Location of Original Records||
M234 RG 75 Rolls
M595 RG 75 Rolls
|Cayuse||Oregon and Washington Sup., 1842-80||Washington D.C.||607-30, 907-20||-||616-20||-|
Treaties[edit | edit source]
- June 9, 1855, referred to in Yakima treaty
- 1855 June 9, at Camp Stevens, with the Walla Walla, Cayuse, Etc.,
Important Websites[edit | edit source]
- Official web site of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, which includes the Cayuse Tribe.
- Wikipedia article about the Cayuse Tribe.
- Constitution and By-Laws for the Cayuse Tribe
For Further Reading[edit | edit source]
See For Further Reading.