Carleton County, New Brunswick Genealogy

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Guide to Carleton county ancestry, family history and genealogy.

The Provincial Archives of New Brunswick have created a research guide available here

Map of New Brunswick Carleton.png

History[edit | edit source]

The County was first settled by disbanded soldiers from British Provincial regiments at the close of the American Revolution, followed in the early 1800s by immigrants from Scotland and Ireland. Carleton County area was among the earliest Loyalist settlements.

The shifting geography of the County, and the Province, can complicate and frustrate the researcher, and, occasionally, result in erroneous conclusions. For example, residents in the eastern part of the Parish of Wakefield, in 1830, became residents of the Parish of Brighton by the stroke of a pen. Before the end of the American Revolution, the northern boundary of Nova Scotia extended to Quebec. Settlement of the township of Sackville, by families from Rhode Island and Massachusetts, began about 1761.The first English settlement of the St. John River area began in 1762.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Populated Places Table[edit | edit source]


FORMER NAME, if applicable TYPE



Argyle       Link   Link
Bath         Link   Link
Beaufort         Link   Link
Biggar Ridge         Link   Link
Bristol        Link   Link
East Coldstream        Link   Link
Florenceville        Link   Link
Foreston         Link   Link
Glassville         Link   Link
Gordonsville         Link   Link
Hartland           Link   Link
Holmesville        Link   Link
Johnville           Link   Link
Kent            Link
Knowlesville        Link   Link 
Lower Woodstock        Link   Link
Mount Pleasant        Link   Link
Northampton        Link   Link
Upper Woodstock        Link   Link
Wakefield         Link   Link
Woodstock         Link   Link

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Victoria County * York County * Aroostook County, Maine, U.S.A.

Archives and Associations[edit | edit source]

Civil Registrations[edit | edit source]

Birth Records[edit | edit source]

Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

County[edit | edit source]
Provincial[edit | edit source]

Death Records[edit | edit source]

Census[edit | edit source]

In Canada, census returns are closed for 92 years after the time of enumeration. Census returns prior to 1851 are rarely complete for any area.

Online Searchable Databases, Books and Images[edit | edit source]

Year Name of Collection Where Available


Acadian genealogy exchange - v. 5, no. 4 Oct 1976;

FamilySearch Digital Library Acadian Families in 1671 begins on page 118
At various libraries (WorldCat)

1708 East Coast of Arcadia 1708 At various libraries (WorldCat)
1714 Acadian families in 1714 At various libraries (WorldCat)
1770 Nova Scotia 1770 census Rootsweb
Nova Scotia Archives
Ancestry ($)
1783 1783 Studholm Report CensusFinder, index.
1785 Cape Ann Association Of Loyalists - 1785 Rootsweb
[Return of Persons who have Lands located to them on Schodiack River above the Glebe, 10 May 1785 Genweb]
1788 Moncton Township Settlers 1788 Rootsweb
1800-1842 Ontario and Nova Scotia Census, 1800-1842 Ancestry ($)
1804 Scotch Emigrants - 1804 Rootsweb
1811-1818 Nova Scotia Census Returns, 1811, 1817 and 1818 Nova Scotia Archives
1827 Nova Scotia Census Returns 1827 Nova Scotia Archives
Ancestry ($)
1838 Nova Scotia Census Returns 1838 Nova Scotia Archives
1851 Canada Census, 1851 Archives of Canada
Ancestry ($)
1861 Census of Canada, 1861 Archives of Canada
Ancestry ($)
1871 Census of Canada, 1871 Archives of Canada
Ancestry ($)
1871-1901 Jewish residents of the Maritime provinces in the 1871-1901 censuses of Canada FamilySearch
1881 Census of Canada, 1881 Archives of Canada
Ancestry ($)
1891 Census of Canada, 1891 Archives of Canada
Ancestry ($)
1901 Census of Canada, 1901 Archives of Canada
Ancestry ($)
1911 Census of Canada, 1911 Archives of Canada
Ancestry ($)
1921 Census of Canada, 1921 Ancestry ($)

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print
List of Cemeteries in the County

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Many microfilms of church records can be found at the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick. A detailed list of the records organized by denomination and locality with accompanying microfilm numbers can be found in their Carleton County Genealogical Guide.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Immigration Records[edit | edit source]

Land Records[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Newspapers and Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes[edit | edit source]
Images[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Carleton County Historical Society
  2. We Lived, a Genealogical Newsletter of New Brunswick Sources, 1979-1983, Cleadie B. Barnett, Editor & Publisher