Canada in the War of 1812

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Canada Gotoarrow.png Canadian Military Gotoarrow.png War of 1812 Gotoarrow.png Canada in the War of 1812

Major-General Sir Isaac Brock (1769-1812)

Introduction[edit | edit source]

The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada. It formally began on June 18, 1812. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814.

  • The Historica-Dominion Institute, The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and Parks Canada. War of 1812 has a timeline, learning resources, video game, and many short videos about the war.
  • The War of 1812 Website  has brief histories of the war, the battles, forts, historic sites, various regiments, and much more.

Canada Military Units[edit | edit source]

The military units that fought for Canada included many men enrolled in local militia units. British regular Army regiments with men from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland also fought.

The Wikipedia article, Canadian units of the War of 1812, lists the types of Canadian units as well as many specific regiments or other units.

Records[edit | edit source]

  • Introduction to the digitized Library Archives Canada War of 1812 records
War of 1812: Board of Claims for Losses, 1813-1848, RG 19 E5A
War of 1812: Lower Canada Nominal Rolls and Paylists, RG 9 1A7
War of 1812: Miscellaneous Records
War of 1812: Upper Canada Returns, Nominal Rolls and Paylists, RG 9 1B7
  • War of 1812 Casualty Database, Canadian and British Regiments, is searchable by name, rank, regiment, company officer, county, previous occupation, manner of death, place of event. Regiments are still being added.

Provinces[edit | edit source]

The provinces that furnished men for the military were Upper Canada (Ontario), Lower Canada (Quebec), Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and New Brunswick.

  • The War of 1812, Archives of Ontario, has brief histories of battlegrounds, a chronology of the war, brief biographies of important figures, etc.
  • Livingston, Edwin A:  2nd regiment of Leeds militia, 1814 (Prescott, Ontario: Edwin A Livingston)  pages 8 FHL Book 971.373 M2
  • Lucas, C.P.: The Canadian war of 1812 (Salt Lake city, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, c1988), 8 leaves. FHL Film 1320684 Item 7

For additional information, see the following Wikipedia articles:

Ethnic Groups[edit | edit source]

Six Nations Survivors of War of 1812

The First Nations were instrumental in many important Canadian victories including Michilimackinac, Detroit, Queenston Heights, Beaver Dams, Chateauguay and Crysler’s Farm.[1]

Many Black volunteers fought in defense of Canada. They worried that the Americans would return them to slavery. The “Coloured Corps” fought at Queenston Heights and was partially made up of persons who had escaped slavery in the United States.[2]

Battles[edit | edit source]

  • Battle of Frenchtown ( (British victory) - 22 January 1813 now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario 5 October 1813
  • Batle of Lundy's Lane ( (Both sides claimed victory) - about one mile from Niagara Falls 25 July 1814
  • Battle of New Orleans ( (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815
  • Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum, FHL Microfilm 1404257
  • Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812 New Haven Connecticut, Yale University Press, 1920). FHL Book 235 973 H2

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • The Loyal and Patriotic Society raised and distributed money for militiamen and their families who faced hardship arising from the war. The amount of money given was based on the level of hardship.

Documentaries[edit | edit source]

  • PBS, The War of 1812, has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic sites with short histories of each.
  •, War of 1812, has several short videos about the war as well as a brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people.

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • War of 1812 Casualty Database is name searchable. The goal is to list the names of the Canadian and British soldiers that were killed, died or deserted during the War of 1812.
  • History Central, War of 1812, has information about the major battles of the war, plus a list of related web sites and a bibliography of books.
  • The War of 1812 Website has a great deal of information about many aspects of the war, including short histories of the military units, events, clothing, battles, etc.
  • The Man Who Captured the White House - Brief histories of the activities of General Ross, including the burning of the White House and the events for the writing of the Star Spangled Banner.

Books[edit | edit source]

  • Baker, Harrison Scott II. American prisoners of war held at Halifax during the War of 1812: June 1812 - April 1815 (Westminster, Maryland, Willow Bend Books, c2004), 2 Volumes FHL Book 973 M2973 M2bhs
  • Bradley, Arthur Granville, The United Empire Loyalist: founders of British Canada (New York, New York, AMS Press, 1971), pages 288
  • Cruikshank, E. A.: Record of the services of Canadian regiments in the War of 1812: the militia of the Eastern District; the counties of Glengarry, Stormont and Dundas page 69-98 FHL Book 971.3 M2ce
  • Cruikshank, E.A.: Documents relating to the invasion of Canada and the surrender of Detroit, 1812 (Ottawa, Ontario: Government Printing Bureau, c1912) pages 258 FHL Book 971 B4
  • Dudley, William S., The Naval War of 1812: a documentary history(Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). FHL Book 973 M3
  • Edgar, Lady: General Brock (Toronto, Ontario: Morang and Co., c1904), pages 322 FHL Book 971 B4
  • Fredriksen, John C, "Resource Guide for the War of 1812" ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979) FHL book 973 M23f
  • Grimwood, Paul. Ancaster and the effects of the War of 1812, (Hamilton, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society. Hamilton Branch, c2005), 9 leaves. FHL Book 971.352 M2
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812, a forgotten conflict. (Chicago, Illinois:  University of Illinois Press, 1989). 457 pages. FHL Book 973 H2
  • Horsman, Reginald The War of 1812 (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) 286 pages. FHL Book 973 H2
  • Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812: a compact history (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969).
  • Latimer, Jon: 1812: war with America (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007, 637 pages. FHL Book 973 M2
  • Lauber, Wilfred R. An index of Essex and Kent militia records, 1812-1815(Chatham [Ontario}: Ontario Genealogical Society. Kent Branch, 1995), pages 49. FHL Book 971.33 M22
  • Lauber, Wilfred R. An index of land claim certificates of Upper Canada militiamen who served in the War of 1812 (Toronto, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society, c1995), pages 196. FHL Book 971.3 R 22
  • Lauber, Wilfred R. Index of the civilian loss claims for the Western District from the War of 1812-14 (Chatham, [Ontario]; Ontario Genealogical Society, Kent Branch, c1997) 24, 14, 55, 8 p. FHL Book 971.33 M22
  • Lepine, Luc: Les officiers de milice du Bas-Canada, 1812-1815 = Lower Canada's militia officers, 1812-1815(Montreal [Quebec]: Societe genealogique canadiene-francaise, c1996), 305 pages. FHL Book 971.4 M2
  • Litt, Paul, and Ronald F. Williamson, and Joseph W.A. Whitehorne: Death at Snake Hill: secrets from a War of 1812 cemetery (Toronoto, Ontario: Dundurn Press, c1993), 158 pages. FHL Book 971.338 F1 V3
  • Lucas, C.P. The Canadian War of 1812, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988), 269 pages. FHL film 1320684 Item 7
  • Lefebvre, par Jean-Jacques: Quelques officiers de 1812 (Ottawa [Ontario] Societe royale du Canada, c1967), pages 69-136. FHL Book 971.4 M2
  • Malcomson, Robert, Historical dictionary of the War of 1812(Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006), 701 pages. FHL Book 973 H26
  • Rammage, Stuart A.: The militia stood alone: Malcom's Mills, 6 Novemer, 1814 (Summerland, British Columbia,: Valley Pub. c2000) page 206 FHL Book 971.347 01 M2
  • Shea, Iris and Heather Watts: Deadman's: Melville Island & its burial ground pages 111 FHL Book 971.622H2
  • Canada. Department of Militia and Defence:  ''Militiamen who applied for pensions in 1875 in Canada : shewing names, ages and places of residence of all militiamen of 1812-1813, who have applied to the Imperial Government, through the Department of Militia and Defence, for a pension or indemnity; in reply to an address of the House of Commons of 8th February, 1875 (Pawtucket, Rhode Island: Quintin Publications c1997?) leaves 15.  FHL Book 971 M2

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Government of Canada, War of 1812, (accessed 9 April 2012).
  2. Government of Canada, War of 1812, (accessed 9 April 2012).