Caledonia County, Vermont Genealogy

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Guide to Caledonia County, Vermont ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Caledonia County, Vermont
Map of Vermont highlighting Caledonia County
Location in the state of Vermont, United States Genealogy
Founded November 5, 1792
County Seat Saint Johnsbury
Address Caledonia County Courthouse
P.O. Box 4129
1126 Main Street #1
Saint Johnsbury, VT 05819
Phone: 802-748-6600
Fax: 802-748-6603
Caledonia County Website

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Scotland, in honor of the many settlers who claimed ancestry there. The County is located in the northeast area of the state. [1]

Caledonia County, Vermont Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
at town creation at town creation at town creation 1797 1797 1796 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1857. General compliance year is unknown.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death, burial and land records; County Clerk has divorce and court records from from 1797; Probate Judge has probate records.

Towns Organized Before 1800:
Barnet 1763
Burke 1782
Cabot 1780
Danville 1786
Groton 1789
Hardwick 1781
Lyndon 1780
Peacham 1763
Ryegate 1763
Sheffield 1793
Saint Johnsbury 1785
Sutton 1782
Walden 1780
Waterford 1781
Wheelock 1785 [3]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Caledonia County, Vermont


Quick Facts[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

5 November 1792: from Orange County.[3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Vermont County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Vermont County Boundary Maps" (1764-1895) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Extinct Towns:   · Bradleyvale  · Hopkinsville[5]

Villages:  · Lyndonville  · West Burke

Neighboring Counties:  · Essex  · Lamoille  · Orange  · Orleans  · Washington  · Grafton, New Hampshire

Resources[edit | edit source]

Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VTInterment WorldCat Billion Graves
Billion Graves FamilySearch Places
See Vermont Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 9,377
1810 18,740 99.9%
1820 16,669 −11.1%
1830 20,967 25.8%
1840 21,891 4.4%
1850 23,595 7.8%
1860 21,708 −8.0%
1870 22,235 2.4%
1880 23,607 6.2%
1890 23,436 −0.7%
1900 24,381 4.0%
1910 26,031 6.8%
1920 25,762 −1.0%
1930 27,253 5.8%
1940 24,320 −10.8%
1950 24,049 −1.1%
1960 22,786 −5.3%
1970 22,789 0.0%
1980 25,808 13.2%
1990 27,846 7.9%
2000 29,702 6.7%
2010 31,227 5.1%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

  • Jeffrey, William H. Successful Vermonters; a modern gazetteer of Caledonia, Essex, and Orleans Counties. East Burke, Vermont, The Historical Publishing Company, 1904. Internet Archives.
  • Child, Hamilton Gazetteer of Caledonia and Essex Counties, Vt. 1764-1887. Caledonia County, Vermont, Syracuse Journal Company, Printers and Binders, 1887. Google Books.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

OrleansLamoilleEssexWashingtonOrangeGrafton, New HampshireVT CALEDONIA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military History and Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments and Companies:

- 4th Regiment, Vermont Infantry, Companies G and H

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Caledonian : (St. Johnsbury, Vermont) 1837-1867, A.G. Chadwick. Dates of publication:1837-1867. Published weekly.
St. Johnsbury Caledonian. (St. Johnsbury, Vermont) 1867-1919. C.M. Stone & Co. Dates of publication:1867-1919. Published weekly.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Town Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See also How to order Vermont Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for the following Vermont certificates:

Downloadable applications from Vermont Department of Health.

Societies, Libraries and Museums[edit | edit source]

See also a List of Vermont Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Caledonia County Historical Societies

Barnet Historical Society
26 Goodwillie Road
Barnet Center, VT
802 Warden Road
Barnet, VT 05821
Telephone: 802-633-2325

Burke Historical Society
White School House Museum
c/o Burke Mountain Club
PO Box 309
East Burke, VT 05832
Telephone: 802-626-9823

Danville Historical Society
Choate-Sias Historical House
121 Hill St.
PO Box 274
Danville, VT 05828
Telephone: 802-684-2055

Groton Historical Society
Peter Paul 1840 House
1203 Scott Highway
PO Box 89
Groton, VT 05046
Telephone: 802-584-3417

Hardwick Historical Society
Hardwick Depot
Depot Street (off Church Street behind Town House)
PO Box 177
Hardwick, VT 05843
Telephone: 802-472-8555

Lyndon Historical Society
Shores Memorial Museum
202 Center Street
PO Box 85, Lyndon Center
VT 05850
Telephone: 802-626-9321

Peacham Historical Association
153 Church Street
PO Box 101
Peacham, VT 05862

Ryegate Historical Society
54 Paper Mill Road
3158 N. Bayley Hazen Rd
East Ryegate, VT 05402
Telephone: 802-592-3378 or

Saint Johnsbury History & Heritage Center
Lower Level of the former Summer Street School
481 Summer Street
PO Box 223
St. Johnsbury, VT05819
Telephone: 802-424-1090

Sheffield Historical Society
Municipal Building
37 Dane Road
PO Box 75
Sheffield, VT 05866
Telephone: 802-626-9416

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Caledonia, Vermont" in,_Vermont accessed 5 Dec 2018
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caledonia County, Vermont . Page 698-699 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 686-687.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caledonia County, Vermont, 698. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Caledonia_ County,_Vermont," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Vermont accessed 24 October 2019.
  5. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 394. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.