Buxton, York County, Maine Genealogy

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Buxton Village
Buxtonseal.gif

Brief History[edit | edit source]

The township was granted by the Massachusetts General Court as Narragansett Number 1 in 1728. It was assigned to Philemon Dane of Ipswich, Massachusetts and 119 other veterans (or their heirs) who had fought in King Philip's War against the Narragansett Indians in 1675. Settlement was attempted in the early 1740s but abandoned because of the ongoing French and Indian Wars.

The first permanent settlement commenced in fall of 1750 near Salmon Falls, which was within protection of the stockaded blockhouse and trading post built in 1728 a half mile below Union Falls in present-day Dayton. Amos Chase was one of the pioneers of the town, and his daughter was said to be the first white child born in Buxton. He was a prominent figure in the area, one of the largest taxpayers, and was the first deacon of the Congregational Church in Pepperellborough (present-day Saco, ME). The first schoolhouse in Buxton was established in 1761 by Rev. Silas Moody. Narragansett Number 1 was incorporated in 1772 as Buxton. It was named by its minister, Rev. Paul Coffin for the spa town of Buxton in Derbyshire, England, for unknown reasons. Buxton, England is often incorrectly cited as the home of his ancestors, but that was Brixton as noted on page 7 of the cited source.

Settlers found the land generally level and suited for farming. Chief crops were corn, potatoes and hay. Buxton also provided excellent water power sites. The first sawmill was on the Little River, a tributary of the Presumpscot River. A gristmill called Bog Mill was built at the outlet of Bonny Eagle Pond. The biggest mills, however, were located at the series of falls on the Saco River. Salmon Falls had sawmills capable of turning out four million feet of lumber annually. Bar Mills had gristmills and a box mill. Moderation Falls in West Buxton had sawmills, heading mills and woolen textile mills which produced about 936,000 yards of cloth annually. Buxton's mill town prosperity left behind fine architecture. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places are Elden's Store, the Buxton Powder House, the First Congregational Church, Royal Brewster House and Salmon Falls (East) Historic District.[1]

Additional data on Buxton, Maine can be found in WikiPedia: the Free Encyclopedia.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Historically, the largest religious groups in Maine were the Congregational, Baptist, Roman Catholic, and Methodist churches. For general information about Maine denominations, view the Maine Church Records wiki page.

To see the churches in Buxton, visit FamilySearch Places.

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. The following are church records available online for the town of Buxton:

  • Buxton Center Baptist Church

938 Long Plains Rd
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone:(207) 929-3011

  • Buxton United Methodist Church

276 Chicopee Rd
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone:(207) 642-3996

  • Emanuel Christian Church

PO Box 998
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone:(207) 772-8492

  • First Congregational Church

20 Old Orchard Rd
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone:(207) 929-8007

  • Jehovah's Witnesses

409 Long Plains Rd
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone:(207) 727-4640

  • Living Waters Christian Church

197 Parker Farm Rd
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone:(207) 727-4444
Fax: (207) 727-4422

  • North Congregational Church

22 Church Hill Rd
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone: (207) 929-5600

City Directories[edit | edit source]

Land Records[edit | edit source]

The following are online land records for the town of Buxton:

Libraries and Historical Societies[edit | edit source]

Maps[edit | edit source]

The following are online maps of the town of Buxton:

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In Maine, most probate records are kept at the town level. The following are online probate records for the town of Buxton:

Town Histories[edit | edit source]

Town Records[edit | edit source]

In Maine, most records are kept at the town level and generally began being kept at the founding of the town. These records may include the following:

  • Births
  • Marriages
  • Deaths
  • Burials
  • Cemetery records
  • Appointments
  • Earmarks
  • Estrays (stray animals)
  • Freemens' oaths (men eligible to vote)
  • Land records
  • Mortgages
  • Name changes
  • Care of the poor
  • School records
  • Surveys
  • Tax lists
  • Town meeting minutes
  • Voter registrations
  • Warning outs (of town)

The following are Buxton town records available online:

Town Clerk[edit | edit source]

The town clerk is responsible for these records, and so most originals can be found at the town clerk's office.

Town of Buxton Town Clerk
185 Portland Roadb
Buxton, ME 04093
Phone (207) 929-6171
Buxton Website

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Births[edit | edit source]

Marriages[edit | edit source]

Deaths[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Adjacent towns: York Co.: Lebanon | Newfield | Sanford | Shapleigh | Carroll Co.: Wakefield | Strafford Co.: Milton