Butler County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Butler County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Greenville
Organized: December 13, 1819
Parent County(s): Conecuh, Monroe[1]
Neighboring Counties
Conecuh  • Covington  • Crenshaw  • Lowndes  • Monroe  • Wilcox
See County Maps
Courthouse
Butler County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Butler County Alabama.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named in honor of Captain William Butler, who was born in Virginia, fought in the Creek War, and who was killed by native Americans near Butler Springs on the morning of 20 March 1818.[2]The county is located in the south-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Butler County Courthouse
700 Court Square,
Greenville, AL 36037
Phone: 334-382-7166
Butler County Website

Probate Judge has birth and death records 1894-1919, Marriage, probate and land records [4]

Butler County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1894 1853 1894 1853 1853 1853 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1853 Butler County had a destructive courthouse fire in 1853. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide page 25 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Butler County:[8]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
  • Industry
  • Manningham
  • Mashville
  • Midway
  • Monterey
  • Mount Moriah
  • Mount Olive
  • Oaky Streak
  • Odom Crossroads
  • Pigeon Creek
  • Providence
  • Reddock Springs (Liberty)
  • Rhodes
  • Ridgeville
  • Salter
  • Sand Cut
  • Sardis
  • Saucer
  • Searcy
  • Shacklesville
  • Shell
  • Spring Hill
  • Starlington
  • Wald


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Biographies of many notable residents of Butler County were published in Memorial Record of Alabama (1893). Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library. Begins on page 551.
  • Little, John Buckner. The History of Butler County, Alabama: From 1815 to 1885: With Sketches of Some of Her Most Distinguished Citizens and Glances at Her Rich and Varied Resources. Cincinnati: Elm St. Print. Co., 1885. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Butler County Biographies at The USGenWeb Archives Project

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Butler, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Butler County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 1,405
1830 5,650 302.1%
1840 8,685 53.7%
1850 10,836 24.8%
1860 18,122 67.2%
1870 14,981 −17.3%
1880 19,649 31.2%
1890 21,641 10.1%
1900 25,761 19.0%
1910 29,030 12.7%
1920 29,531 1.7%
1930 30,195 2.2%
1940 32,447 7.5%
1950 29,228 −9.9%
1960 24,560 −16.0%
1970 22,007 −10.4%
1980 21,680 −1.5%
1990 21,892 1.0%
2000 21,399 −2.3%
2010 20,947 −2.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

The following have information concerning African American research.Both should be used:

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Butler County see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Butler County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2006. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Website includes surname index. FHL Book 976.137 E7bg.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Butler County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

  • Little, John Buckner. The History of Butler County, Alabama 1815 to 1885. Cincinnati, Ohio: Elm St. Printing, 1885. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Little, John Buckner. The History of Butler County, Alabama: From 1815 to 1885: With Sketches of Some of Her Most Distinguished Citizens and Glances at Her Rich and Varied Resources. Cincinnati: Elm St. Print. Co., 1885. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

LowndesConecuhCrenshawCovingtonMonroeWilcoxAL BUTLER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Regiments. Men in Butler County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Butler County:

- 1st Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company E "J. Powell's Dragoons"
- 1st Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company H "Sandy Williams' Guards"
- 1st Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company I
- 2nd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company E
- 7th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F
- 8th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F "Greenville Guards"
- 9th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G "Jeff Davis Rangers"
- 17th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B and K
- 17th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C (Butler Rifles)
- 18th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F (Tom Watts Rifles)
- 33rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C, D and H
- 58th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 59th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H and I
- 60th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H
- 61st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C

Online Records

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. For Butler County see Register.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Butler County is in District 1.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Vital Record Substitutes

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

  • Alabama Department of Archives and History
    P.O. Box 300100
    624 Washington Ave.
    Montgomery, AL 36130
    (334) 242-4435
    website


Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

  • Greenville-Butler County Public Library
    309 Fort Dale Street
    Greenville, AL 36037
    Phone: 334-382-3216
    Website


Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • The Butler County Historical & Genealogical Society Research Room
    309 Fort Dale Road
    P O Box 561
    Greenville, AL 36037
    Phone: 334-383-9564
    Email: historyroom@camelliacom.com
    Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Butler County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ala/butler/ 05/29/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Butler, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_County,_Alabama 05/29/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 25. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Butler County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_County,_Alabama, accessed 3 October 2018.
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/8/8d/Igialabama.pdf.