Bukovina, Austro-Hungarian Empire Genealogy

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Bukovina, Austro-Hungarian Empire Genealogy
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Saxony-Anhalt Background

Guide to Bukovina ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Historical Geography[edit | edit source]

Bukovina (Bukowina) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. It was the easternmost crown land of the Austrian empire from 1775 to 1918. Bukovina became part of Romania after World War I. The region north of the Sereth River was occupied by Soviet forces in 1940 and is now under Ukrainian administration. Southern Bukovina remains within Romanian jurisdiction. It is called Bukowina or Buchenland in German, Bukowina in Polish, Bucovina in Romanian, and Bukovyna in Ukrainian. It is currently split between Romania and Ukraine.

The name Bukovina came into official use in 1775 with the region's annexation from the Principality of Moldavia to the possessions of the Habsburg Monarchy, which became Austrian Empire in 1804, and Austria-Hungary in 1867. Its population grew rapidly as people of various ethnic backgrounds were attracted to the Austrian Empire by its relative religious tolerance and relaxed feudal obligations.

Nowadays in Ukraine the name is unofficial, but is common when referring to the Chernivtsi Oblast as over 2/3 of the oblast is the northern part of Bukovina. In Romania the term Northern Bucovina is sometimes synonymous to the entire Chernivtsi Oblast of Ukraine, and (Southern) Bucovina to Suceava County of Romania. (Bukovina, Wikipedia)

Map of Historic Bukovina[edit | edit source]

Ethnic divisions in modern Bukovina with Ukrainian, Romanian and Russian areas depicted in light yellow, green, and red respectively.


Bukovina Districts 1910.jpg

Research Help[edit | edit source]

For help with genealogy in this region, see Romania Genealogy and Ukraine Genealogy.

Online Records[edit | edit source]

For Austria-Hungary Research, You Must Know Your Ancestors' Town[edit | edit source]

  • To begin using the records of the countries formerly in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, just knowing that your family came from the country will not be enough. Records are kept on the local level, so you will have to know the town they lived in.
  • Details about the town will also help:
    • the county of that town,
    • where the closest Evangelical Lutheran, Catholic, Greek Orthodox, etc. parish church was (depending on their religion),
    • where the civil registration office was, and
    • if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger town it was part of.

Research to Find the Town[edit | edit source]

If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.

Microfilm Copies of Records at a Family History Center[edit | edit source]

If the locality and time period you need are not included in the online records, the next step is to check for them in the microfilm collection of the Family History Library. These microfilms may be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers around the world. To find a microfilm:

a. Click on Places within Austria, Bukowina.
b. Select your record type: Church records and civil registration are the most important.
c. Click on the blue links to specific record titles.
d. Choose the correct record type and time period for your ancestor.
e. Some combination of these icons will appear at the far right of the microfilm listed for the record. FHL icons.png. The magnifying glass indicates that the microfilm is indexed. Clicking on the magnifying glass will take you to the index. Clicking on the camera will take you to an online digital copy of the microfilm.

Immigration to Bukovina[edit | edit source]

The ethnic composition in the 19th century consisted of Romanians, Ukrainians, Germans constituted 10% of all immigrants (from Bohemia, Palatinate and Wurttemberg, Zipsers from the Zips or Spis county of Hungary, Germans from other parts of the Austrian empire), Hungarian farmers from Transylvania, Poles from Galicia as well as Polish priests, Slovaks, Raskolniki-members of an Eastern Orthodox denomination, Jews from neighboring provinces, Armenians who sought to escape Turkish oppression.

Emmigration from Bukovina[edit | edit source]

The Canadian province Saskatchewan, the United States, especially Ellis, Kansas; Yuma, Colorado; Lewis County, Washington; Naperville, Illinois, the Parana district in Brazil, Moldavia, Bessarabia, the Dobrudscha, Bosnia and Germany.

Helpful Information[edit | edit source]

Online Resources[edit | edit source]