Birkenhead, Cheshire Genealogy

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Guide to Birkenhead, Cheshire ancestry, family history, and genealogy: parish registers, transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

Birkenhead, Cheshire
Type Ecclesiastical Parish
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred Wirrall
County Cheshire, England Genealogy
Poor Law Union Wirral
Registration District Wirrall
Records begin
Parish registers: 1719
Bishop's Transcripts: 1813
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Wirral
Diocese Pre-1541 - Lichfield and Coventry; Post-1540 - Chester
Province Canterbury
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court Pre-1541 - Court of the Bishop of Lichfield (Episcopal Consistory) Post-1540 - Court of the Bishop of Cheshire (Episcopal Consistory)
Location of Archive
Cheshire Record Office

Parish History[edit | edit source]

BIRKENHEAD, is a seaport town, a market town, and a township, and seven chapelries, in the district of Wirral, Cheshire. The town stands on the Mersey, opposite Liverpool, about a mile by water W of Liverpool, and 14 3/4 miles by railway NNW of Chester. It comprises the ancient extra parochial district or chapelry of Birkenhead, the former township of Claughton in Bidstone, and part of that of Oxton in Woodchurch. They have been incorporated with the township of Birkenhead. The place was anciently called Bircheved, Birkete, Birket-wood, and Birkenhedde.

There are upward of thirty non-established places of worship (including Claughton and Oxton). There are two Roman Catholic churches. There is also a Mariners' church. The chapelries are St. Mary which was formed out of Bidston parish; St. James, Trinity, was constituted in 1841, St. Anne, St. John, were formed out of St. Mary; and St. Paul was formed out of Bebington. Trinity; St. Anne, in 1847. [1]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Census records[edit | edit source]

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.


Church Records[edit | edit source]

Birkenhead parish registers of christenings, marriages and burials have been indexed by the following groups:

FS PR's =FamilySearch Parish Registers
FS BT's = FamilySearch Bishops Transcripts
Birkenhead Chapelry Online Records

Baptisms
Marriages
Burials

Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
FS PR's 1885-1891
  NONE
   NONE
  NONE
   NONE
  NONE
FS BT'S 1879-1908   NONE
   NONE
  NONE
   NONE
  NONE

To find the names of the neighbouring parishes, use England Jurisdictions 1851. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.

Bishop's Transcripts are online in Family Search Historical Records.

St. Oswald Bidston. The ancient parish church for Birkenhead.
Birkenhead St Mary - 1719 

Birkenhead Holy Trinity - 1841

Birkenhead St Anne - 1847

Birkenhead St James - 1841

  • Birkenhead, St. John the Evangelist (C of E), Grange Road. A separate parish from 1859; closed in 1971. Registers of Baptisms 1859–1971 and Marriages 1859–1968 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office (no burials here).
  • Birkenhead, St. Paul (C of E), Argyle Street. Built in 1864 as a chapel to St John, becoming a separate parish in 1922; closed in 1948. Registers of Baptisms 1863–1948 and Marriages 1864–1948 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office (no burials here).
  • Birkenhead, St. Peter (C of E), Cathcart Street. Built in 1867 as a chapel to Holy Trinity, becoming a parish church the following year. Registers of Baptisms 1867–1991 and Marriages 1868–1991 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office (no burials here).
  • Claughton, Christ Church (C of E). Serving part of Birkenhead from 1876.
  • Birkenhead, St. Matthew (C of E), Park Road East. Built in 1882 in Claughton Road as a chapel to Holy Trinity; rebuilt in 1889 on Park Road East, becoming a separate parish in 1914; closed in 1970. Registers of Baptisms 1889–1969 and Marriages 1914–1969 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office (no burials here).
  • Birkenhead, St. Bede (C of E), Built in 1888 in Park Road West as a chapel to Claughton, Christ Church, becoming a chapel to Birkenhead All Saints in 1911. Closed in 1941 after air-raid damage, and replaced by a new building in Upton Road in 1960 which has been attached to St James since the closure of All Saints in 1971. Registers of Baptisms 1888–1907 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office (no burials here).
  • Birkenhead, St. Mark (C of E), Devonshire Road. Built in 1891 as a chapel to St John, becoming a separate parish in 1922; closed in 1991. Registers of Baptisms 1894–1991 and Marriages 1895–1990 have been deposited at the Cheshire Record Office (no burials here).
  • Birkenhead Priory, Christ the King (C of E). Church Street. Opened in 1974 to replace St. Mary's as the parish church. Registers of Baptisms and Marriages are still at the church (no burials here).

Here is a list of parish registers on microfilm at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.

Parish registers for St. John's Church, Birkenhead, 1859-1946 Cheshire Record Office call no.: P 106/1/1-8, P 106/2/1-5, P106/3.

Parish Registers: St. John's Church, Birkenhead Film
Baptisms, 1859-1879.
2104340 Items 6 - 7
Baptisms, 1878-1942. Marriages, 1859-1867.
2104341
Marriages, 1867-1946.
2104342
Marriage banns, 1859-1874.
2104343 Item 1

Parish registers for St. Paul's, Birkenhead, 1863-1948 Cheshire Record Office call no.: P 71/1/1-8, 2/1-5.

Parish Registers: St. Paul's, Birkenhead Film
Baptisms, 1863-1948. Marriages, 1866-1890.
2104220 Items 2 - 10
Marriages, 1890-1948.
2104221 Items 1 - 5

Parish registers for St. Peter's Church, Birkenhead, 1867-1957

Parish Registers: St. Peter's Church, Birkenhead Film
Baptisms, 1867-1889.
2104221 Items 6 - 7
Baptisms, 1889-1957. Marriages, 1868-1895.
2104222
Marriages, 1895-1947.
2104340 Items 1 - 5

Parish registers for St. Matthew's, Birkenhead, 1889-1954 Cheshire Record Office call no.: P 104/1/1-5, 2/1-6, 3/1.

Parish Registers: St. Matthew's, Birkenhead Film
Baptisms, 1889-1954. Marriages, 1914-1953.
2104219
Marriage banns, 1914-1927.
2104220 Item 1

Parish registers for St. Mark's Church, Birkenhead, 1894-1948 Cheshire Record Office call no.: P164/1, P164/2/1-5, P164/2953/2.

Parish Registers: St. Mark's Church, Birkenhead Film
The registers of St. Mary's, Birkenhead, 1721-1812
1656924 Item 14

Non-Conformist Records[edit | edit source]

 Here is a list of Church records on microfilm at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. Church records for Oxton Catholic Church, 1909-1971 Cheshire Record Office call no.: ERC 29/5477/1-2.

Oxton Catholic Church records Film
Baptisms, 1909-1947. Marriages, 1910-1971.
2149220 Items 3 - 4

Church records for the Brunswick Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Birkenhead, 1830-1958

Brunswick Wesleyan Methodist Chapel Church records Cheshire Record Office: EMS/131/1-3, EMS/131/12/1-9.
Film
Baptisms 1830-1916
1594152 Item 2
Baptisms, 1916-1958. Marriages, 1867-1907, 1910-1914. (title board items incorrect)
2299417 Items 23 - 27
Marriages, 1907-1910, 1919-1954. (1907-1910 filmed twice.)
2299418 Items 1 - 5

Church records for the Claughton Road United Methodist Chapel, Birkenhead, 1864-1938 Cheshire Record Office: EMS 132/1/1-3, EMS 132/7/1-2.

Church records: Claughton Road United Methodist Chapel Film
Baptisms, 1864-1917.
1594152 Item 3
Baptisms, 1918-1938. Marriages, 1927-1938.
2299418 Items 6 - 8

Church records for the Grange Road Primitive Methodist Chapel, Birkenhead, 1886-1958

Church records: Grange Road Primitive Methodist Chapel, Birkenhead Film
Baptisms 1886-1958
1594152 Item 4
Marriages, 1916-1950.
2299418 Items 9 - 12

Brunswick Chapel Wesleyan Methodist Church records, 1830-1837 Microfilm of original records at the Public Record Office, London.

Church records: Brunswick Chapel Wesleyan Methodist Church
Film
Baptisms and births, 1830-1837.
20045 Item 18

Palm Grove Chapel Oxton, Cheshire Wesleyan Methodist Church records, 1858-1887 Cheshire Record Office: EMS 139/13

Palm Grove Chapel Oxton, Cheshire Wesleyan Methodist Church records
Film
Baptisms 1858-1880, 1887
1594191 Item 3

Church records Hind Street Chapel Birkenhead, Cheshire Weslayan, 1873-1965

Church records Hind Street Chapel Birkenhead, Cheshire Weslayan
Film
Baptisms 1873-1965
1594152 Item 5

Church records Laird Street Chapel Weslayan, 1874-1941 Cheshire Record Office: EMS 136/1

Church records Laird Street Chapel Weslayan
Film
Baptisms 1874-1941
1594152 Item 6

Church records Lowe Street Chapel Birkenhead Wesleyan Methodist, 1879-1957 Cheshire Record Office: EMS 137/1

Church records Lowe Street Chapel Birkenhead Wesleyan Methodist
Film
Baptisms 1879-1957
1594191 Item 1

Church records Mount Tabor Chapel Birkenhead Primitive Methodist, 1896-1945 Cheshire Record Office: EMS 138/1a

Church records Mount Tabor Chapel Birkenhead Primitive Methodis Film
Baptisms 1896-1945
1594191 Item 2

Church records St. Andrew's Church Birkenhead, Presbyterian, 1900-1943 Microfilm of original records at the Presbyterian Historical Society, London.

Church records St. Andrew's Church Birkenhead, Presbyterian Film
Marriages, 1900-1943
87966 Items 1-3

Church records Presbyterian Church Birkenhead, Cheshire, 1929-1942 Microfilm of original records at the Presbyterian Historical Society, London

Church records Presbyterian Church Birkenhead Film
Marriages, 1929-1942
87966 Items 4-5

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Birkenhead Branch Record of members, ca. 1852-1945 Microfilm of originals in the Church Archives, Salt Lake City.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Birkenhead Branch Film
Membership records, ca. 1852-1873, including ordinations to the priesthood.
86980 Item 18
Membership records, ca. 1907-1914, including ordinations to the priesthood and record of children blessed.
86980 Item 19
Membership records, ca. 1905-1947. Includes index. Name of branch changed to Wallasey in 1943.
86980 Item 20

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from 1 July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. Here are two excellent Internet sites with birth, marriage and death indexes available:

Registration Districts[edit | edit source]
  • Wirral (1837–61)
  • Birkenhead (1861–1998)
  • Wirral (post 1998)

Poor Law Unions[edit | edit source]

Probate records[edit | edit source]

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Cheshire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

see also England, Cheshire Probate Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Birkenhead on GENUKI

References[edit | edit source]

  1. John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72). Date accessed: 2 February 2013.