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History[edit | edit source]
Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar that was Burma.The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country. Bangladesh includes people from a range of ethnic groups and religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh.
Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia. As part of British India, the region of Bangladesh was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan and then renamed it East Pakistan. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between 1975 and 1990, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy.
Bangladesh is a middle power and a developing nation. Its economy ranks 43rd in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity. It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore.
Timeline[edit | edit source]
1666 - Mughal Bengal attracted foreign traders for its muslin and silk goods, and the Armenians were a notable merchant community. A Portuguese settlement in Chittagong flourished in the southeast, and a Dutch settlement in Rajshahi existed in the north
1757 - Battle of Plassey, Bengal was conquered by the British East India Company. The company formed the Presidency of Fort William, which administered the region until 1858
1770 - A number of famines, including the great Bengal famine, occurred under company rule
1912 - The British government reorganized the provinces, reuniting East and West Bengal and making Assam a second province
1947 - Cyril Radcliffe was tasked with drawing the borders of Pakistan and India, and the Radcliffe Line established the borders of present-day Bangladesh
1947 - The Dominion of Pakistan was created
1971 - Bangladesh Liberation War and during the war, an estimated 300,000 to three million people were killed and several million people took shelter in neighboring India