Baden Language and Handwriting
|Baden, German Empire |
|Baden Major Record Types|
|Reading the Records|
|Additional Baden Record Types|
|Local Research Resources|
|Germany Record Types|
- It's easier than you think! You do not have to be fluent in German to use these records, as there is only a limited vocabulary used in them. By learning a few key phrases, you will be able to read them adequately. Here are some resources for learning to read German records.
- These video webinars will teach you to read German handwriting:
- Also online interactive slideshow lessons are available to help you learn to read these records:
- Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 1: Kurrent Letters
- Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 2: Making Words in Kurrent
- Reading German Handwritten Records Lesson 3: Reading Kurrent Documents. In this lesson, you will explore several types of German genealogical records, including birth, baptismal, marriage, and death records.
- German Script Tutorial
This converter will show you how any phrase or name might look in German script:
- Kurrentschrift Converter (enter German genealogical word, click on "convert", view your word in Kurrentschrift (Gothic handwriting)
Latin Records[edit | edit source]
Records of the Catholic church will usually be written in Latin:
Baden[edit | edit source]
The German speaking area, which includes Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Luxemburg, and a few other areas, is rich in dialects. So different are the dialects from each other that people from one area cannot understand speakers from other dialect areas. For example, a northern German could not understand a Swissman if the latter is speaking in his dialect. However, in the last century or so, standardization through the media and educational systems has eroded much of the traditional dialects or, at least, imposed to some degree a standard dialect onto the population.
In Baden two traditional dialects are spoken: Frankish (also called Franconian) in the north and Alemannic in the south. It is beyond the scope of this short article to outline all the features of these two dialects. However, we may mention a few items, especially those that might appear in old records. In the realm of pronunciation, we find [sh] in some words where Standard German has [s], e.g. fescht for fest. We also find the ich-sound [ç] at the beginning of words where Standard German has only [k]. Therefore, the researcher might see in a record Kind spelled as Khind. Although this spelling is indicative of Switzerland today, in the past it was found much further north, i.e. in Baden. In morphology, the southern German dialects have very distinctive features that are still common today. The diminutive suffix –l, -le, -li is common, such as in Häusli, 'little/dear house.' This suffix can also be attached to names, e.g. Hänsel and Gretel, and Stückl as a surname. This is one of the most indicative features of southern German and the researcher should be aware of this.
Although the linked article is not dedicated to any dialect in particular, it does contain some variant spellings that the researcher might encounter in Baden research.
For further reading
Noble. C.A.M. Modern German Dialects. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. 1983.
König, Werner. dtv-Atlas zur deutschen Sprache. München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag. 1989.
Russ, Charles V.J. The Dialects of Modern German. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1989.
Keller, R. E. German Dialects. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 1961.