Arizona Emigration and Immigration

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Arizona Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Arizona Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources

The FamilySearch moderator for Arizona is James Tanner.

Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

The article United States Emigration and Immigration lists several important sources for finding information about immigrants to this country. These sources include many references to people who settled in Arizona. Tracing Immigrant Origins introduces the principles, research strategies, and additional record types you can use to identify an immigrant’s original hometown.

See the Ethnic Groups and Naturalization and Citizenship sections for further information.

See Tracing Latter-day Saint Ancestors for records of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) in Illinois.

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The usage of "Mormon" and "LDS" on this page is approved according to current policy.

County Histories[edit | edit source]

Consult Arizona county wiki pages for available county histories. Many of these histories contain information about ethnic groups which settled that county.

The earliest non-Indian settlers of Arizona generally came into the Gila Valley from Sonora and Sinaloa states of Mexico. During the 1840s and 1850s, prospectors from eastern United States and from Texas passed through the valley on their way to the gold fields of California. Some returned to settle. When military personnel left at the beginning of the Civil War in 1861, the territory was almost abandoned to the Indians. The Apaches remained a serious threat until 1886.

Fort Defiance, established in 1852, was the only significant white outpost north of the Gila Valley until 1863, when politicians from northern states established Prescott as the first territorial capital. Phoenix, founded by an Englishman in 1867, became the territorial capital in 1889.

Latter-day Saint settlers from Utah established communities, such as Snowflake, on the Little Colorado River of northern Arizona in the 1870s and 1880s. Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and others also founded new towns and cities in the Gila and Salt River valleys in the southern part of the state. Mesa was one of these southern Arizona towns.

Most cities and towns of Arizona had been founded by 1900, but some mining communities experienced new growth in the 1920s when an ethnically varied population entered the state, including Italians, Mexicans, Cornishmen, and Slavs. Today, most Arizonans identify themselves as Anglo, Mexican, Indian, Black, or Chinese. Many prominent families of southern Arizona are Mexican, and intermarriage across the border is common. A few records of ethnic groups such as Slavs and Spanish are listed in the FamilySearch Catalog under ARIZONA - MINORITIES.

There was no port of entry common to settlers of Arizona. Some came through Gulf Coast ports, others through Pacific ports, still others through East Coast ports and then overland to Arizona. For detailed information on passenger lists, see United States Emigration and Immigration.

Additional Sources

Mexican Border Crossing Records[edit | edit source]

Numerous Mexicans came to Arizona in the late 19th and early 20th century. Records of 20th century Mexican border crossings are available at the National Archives and Family History Library. These databases are listed above.

Mexican Labor in Arizona[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Arizona Research Outline]. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.

NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.