Indigenous Peoples of the United States Regions

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The purpose of this wiki is to guide the user to records that will assist them in finding records of individual Indians and to document their family history and genealogy.The following list is given to illustrate the possible ties and associations with other tribes of the same culture grouping. All tribes are not included.

This page compliments Indigenous Peoples of the United States Cultural Groups

Geographical classifications may be determined by linguistics, cultural or other unique factors relating to the tribes. Geographic classification may cover a larger land mass and may include several or parts of the culture groups. Other classifications: Eastern Woodland, and California
Geographical Regions:
Northeast Region: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee
Southeast Region: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma
Mid-West or Plains Region: Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Nebraska, and Kansas
Western or Great Basin Region: Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Idaho, Wyoming and parts of Oregon, California, Arizona, New Mexico and Montana
Southwestern Region: Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California
Northwest or Plateau Region: Washington, Oregon and Idaho

Geographical Record Collections[edit | edit source]

Northeast Region[edit | edit source]

  • Draper, Lyman Copeland (1815-1891), Draper Manuscript Collection. (Trans-Appalachia) FHL first film 889,098
  • Holland Land Company (1792-1821) FHL film 1421412 -inventory] and FHL first film of 202: 1,414,876
  • Records of the Moravian Missions: 1739-1851 FHL first film 1,017,681

Removal: some tribes move because of encroachment, many began moving after the Revolutionary War

Southeast Region[edit | edit source]

  • Doris Duke Oral History Collection - Oklahoma FHL first film: 1,486,555
  • Oklahoma - Indian Pioneer Papers, 1860-1935 (Oklahoma Historical Society) FHL
  • O'Donnell, James H. Southern Indians in the American Revolution. University of TN., Knoxville. FHL book 970.1 Id5s
  • Gilmer, George Rockingham, 1790-1859. Sketches of Some of the First Settlers of Upper Georgia, of the Cherokees and the Author. American, GA American Book Co., 1926. FHL book 975.8 H2g or film 897,227
  • Rand, James Hall. The North Carolina Indians. Chapel Hill, NC c 1913. FHL book 975.6 B4b vol. 12 #2
  • South, Stanley A. Indians in North Carolina. Raleigh. NC Dept. of Archives and History. C 1965. FHL 970.1 Al #79 or film 873,680 item 6
  • Coterill, R. S. The Southern Indians[FHL 970.1 C828s] Source for information about the Five Civilized Tribes before removal.
  • Eastern Cherokee Claims Files (Guion Miller Rolls), 1902-1910.
  • Enrollment for the Five Civilized Tribes and Related Records, 1896-1907. (Dawes Rolls)
  • State Department Territorial Papers, Florida, 1777-1824. (M116) FHL film 1,578,812
  • State Department Territorial Papers, Orleans, 1764-1813 (T260) FHL film 1,549,412
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers: Oklahoma 1889-1912 (M828)
    • ONLINE: Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842. Digital Library of Georgia has put documents and images online relating to the Native American population of the Southeastern United States. The searchable database contains documents that include letters, legal proceedings, military orders, financial papers, and archaeological images.

Removal: Began with the Indian Removal Act of 1830

Mid-West or Plains Region[edit | edit source]

  • Draper, Lyman Copeland. Draper Manuscript Collection. (Trans-Appalachia) Prairie Duchene-Tecumseh Papers (Shawnee Chief 1763-1823) FHL film: 889,097
  • John Gill Pratt Papers 1834-1899 FHL first film 812,758
  • Major James McLaughlin Papers, McLaughlin, James. Major. 1855-1937. FHL first film: 541,380 - Dakotas, KY, NY, Il, IN, VA, WI, TN. Guide to the microfilm edition of Major James McLaughlin Papers. FHL book 973 A1No.2000
  • John J. Watts Collection, 1874 -1912. - Missouri - FHL film 1,320,994 item 10 - index and FHL film 485,322
  • Doris Duke Oral History Collection FHL first film: 1,486,555
  • Jesuit Mission and College Records. 1832-1967 FHL film 590,422 and 590,423
  • State Department, Territorial Papers, Northwest of the River Ohio, 1787-1801. FHL film 1,571,572
  • State Department, Territorial Papers, Northwest of River Ohio, 1787-1801. (M470) FHL film 1,695,391
  • State Department, Territorial Papers, Southwest of the River Ohio, 1790-1795. (M471) FHL film 1,578,870
  • State Department, Territorial Papers, Dakota, 1861-1873 (M309) FHL film 1,580,036
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers: Dakota, 1863-1889 (M431)
  • Territorial Papers of the United States: Iowa 1838-1846 (M325) FHL film 1,601,629
  • State Department Territorial Papers: Kansas, 1854-1851 (M218) FHL 1,602.223
  • Territorial Papers of U.S. Territory of Minnesota, 1849-1858. (M1050) FHL film 1,695,152
  • State Department Territorial Papers, Missouri, 1812-1820. (M1134) FHL film 1,692,223
  • State Department Territorial Papers: Nebraska, 1854-1867. (M228) FHL film 1,5579,708
  • Territorial Papers of U.S. Territory of Wisconsin 1848-1856 FHL film 1,601,731

Removal: By 1825, the Sac and Fox, Winnebago, Sioux and Potawatomi had moved west of the Mississippi River. The Chippewa moved up into northern Wisconsin.

Western or Great Basin Region[edit | edit source]

  • Doris Duke Oral History Collection - Oklahoma FHL first film 1,486,555
  • State Department Territorial Papers, Colorado, 1859-1874. (M3) FHL 1,464,017
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers, Colorado, 1861-1888 (M431)
  • State Department Territorial Papers, Idaho, 1863-1872. (M445) FHL 1,580.038
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers, Idaho, 1864-1890. (M191)
  • State Department Territorial Papers, Montana, 1864-1872. (M356) FHL 1,602,228

Interior Department Territorial Papers, Montana, 1867-1889 (M192)

  • State Department Territorial Papers, Nevada, 1861-1864. (M13) FHL 1,419,200
  • State Department. Territorial Papers, Nevada 1861-1864. FHL film 1,491,200
  • Interior Department. Territorial Papers, Utah 1850-1902. (M428) FHL first film 1,602,234
  • State Department. Territorial Papers, Utah 1853-1872 (M12) FHL film 491,567
  • State Department. Territorial Papers of Wyoming. (m85) FHL film 1,602,230
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers: Wyoming, 1870-1890, (M204)

Removal: as the Tribes gave way to the pressures of white migration

Southwestern Region[edit | edit source]

  • Doris Duke Oral History Collection - Oklahoma FHL first film 1,486,555
  • Atkin, Edmund. Indians of the Southwest Colonial Frontier. Ed. by Wilbur R. Jacobs. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. 1954. FHL 970.1 At51i  WorldCat  
  • Newcom, W.W. The Indians of Texas.
  • Spicer, Edward H. Cycles of Conquest: The Impact of Spain, Mexico and the United States on the Indians of the Southwest, 1533-1960. Tucson, The University of Arizona Press
  • They Talked Navajo "dine'bi-zaad choz-iid". The United States Marine Corps Navajo Code Talkers or World War II. FHL 970.3 N22ytt
  • Wright, Muriel L. Guide to Indian Tribes of Oklahoma'.
  • State Department Territorial Papers, Arizona, 1864-1872. (M342) FHL 1,580,035
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers: Arizona, 1868-1913 (M429)
  • State Department Territorial Papers, New Mexico, 1851-1872 (T17) FHL 1,580,030
  • Territorial Papers of New Mexico 1834-1912. FHL film 896,539
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers, New Mexico 1851-1914 (M364)

Removal: as the Tribes gave way to the pressures of white migration

Northwest or Plateau Region[edit | edit source]

  • Carriker, Robert C. and Eleanor R. Guide to the Microfilm Collections of Pacific Northwest Tribes, Missions - Oregon. C. 1987 FHL 970.1A3cr
  • Doris Duke Oral History Collection Oklahoma FHL first film 1,486,555
  • The Pacific Northwest Tribes Missions Collections of the Oregon Province Archives of the Society of Jesus, 1853-1960. By Robert C. and Eleanor R. Carriker. FHL first film 1,671,639
  • U.S. Department of State. Territorial Papers, Oregon. 1848-1858. (M419) FHL film 1,580,034
  • Territorial Papers of the United States: Oregon 1849-1859. (M1049) FHL 1,695,681
  • U.S. Department of State. Territorial Papers, Washington.  (M26)1854-1872. FHL film 1,602,231 - 1,602,232
  • Interior Department Territorial Papers: Washington, 1854-1902 (M189)

Online: American Indian of the Pacific Northwest. This Library of Congress digital collection provides online access to more than 2.300 photographs and 7,700 pages of text relating to the American Indians in the Pacific Northwest. Many of these resources, including maps, and essays, link to other collections found at the University of Washington libraries and other organizations of the Pacific Northwest.


Alaska[edit | edit source]

Interior Department Territorial Papers: Alaska, 1869-1913 (M430)

  • Records of the Alaskan Territorial Government NARA 1888-1919 (T1200), 1900-1913 (T1201), 1909-1958 (M939), and 1913-1953 (M1012)

References[edit | edit source]

Murdock, George Peter. Ethnographic Bibliography of North America. Behavior Science Bibliographies. 3rd ed. Published by Human Relations Area Files New Haven 1960 . (includes maps)