Ak-Chin Indian Community
The Ak Chin Indian Community is a federally-recognized tribal entity and is primarily associated with the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation in Arizona.
Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]
Ak-Chin Indian Community
42507 West Peters & Nall Rd
Maricopa, Arizona 85138
Phone: (520) 568-1000
The Ak-Chin Indian Community lies 30 miles south of Phoenix in the northwestern part of Pinal County at an elevation of approximately 1,186 feet. State Route 238 intersects the reservation at its northernmost and easternmost corners. State Route 347 runs through the reservation, connecting Interstate 8 and 1-10. In this extremely arid Sonoran Desert climate; no streams slice through the landscape and no mountains rise steeply from the desert floor. Four washes traverse within the reservation from north to south.
History[edit | edit source]
The Ak-Chin Indian Community was created in May 1912 by Executive Order of President Taft who initially signed for a 47,000-acre reservation. However, in September of the same year another Executive Order was issued which reduced the size of the reservation to its current 21,840 acres.
Ak-Chin is an O'odham word which when translated means "mouth of the wash" or "place where the wash loses itself in the sand or ground." The term refers to a type of farming that relies on washes – seasonal food-plains created by winter snows and summer rains.
Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona. Articles of Association of the Ak-Chin Indian Community, Arizona: Including Amendments. S.l: s.n, 1970. WorldCat 70865514
Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]
Additional References[edit | edit source]
Reservations[edit | edit source]
This Indian community is primarily associated with the Ak Chin Indian Reservation, formerly known as the Maricopa Indian Reservation, in Arizona.
The Ak-Chin, who are comprised of both Papago (currently known as Tohono O’odham) and Pima people, own and operate a 109 acre industrial park which was constructed in 1971. Suitable for light industry and agricultural-related industries, the industrial park is located at the southeast corner of the reservation, adjacent to the Maricopa-Casa Grande Highway and the Southern Pacific Railroad. As the landscape and terrain are ideal for growing crops, most of the land is primarily used for agriculture. The Ak-Chin Farms Enterprises manages these activities. 16,000 acres of Ak-Chin land are under irrigation.
A water rights settlement approved by Congress in 1984 entitles the Ak-Chin Indian Community to 75,000 acre-feet of Colorado River water. The community is actively exploring demonstration projects and long-term investments to find alternative ways of conserving the life-giving water supply. Ak-Chin is also working diligently to upgrade the quality of residential water supplied as well as the efficiency of its sewer facilities so that health standards and conditions may be improved for members.
In addition to agricultural activities, the Ak-Chin Community has developed a 100-acre industrial park. The 70,000-square-foot Harrah’s Ak-Chin Casino contributes greatly to the economy. The entire tribe participates in the United States’ first EcoMuseum, distinguished from a traditional museum in that land and territory replace the museum building and area residents take on the roles of curator and public. This museum houses prehistoric local artifacts owned by tribal families.
Ak-Chin, located in a lush desert area, is 43 miles northwest of the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, which consists of wellpreserved remains of a central four-story building and several smaller outlying buildings constructed by the Hohokams during the 13th century. West of Ak-Chin, low picturesque mountains enclose the scenic oasis on the desert. Remnants of other civilizations which inhabited the basin during earlier times are still in evidence. Major events held on the reservation include: St. Francis Church Feast (October); Honoring Past Chairman's Day (October); Annual Tribal Council Election (second Saturday in January); and the annual Ak-Chin Him-Dak Museum celebration (April).
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Tiffany, Sarah Y., Genealogy of a few Indian families of the Maracopa, Pima & Papago tribes, Genealogical Society of Utah, 1955, microfilm FHL 2366
Search Ancestry.com under the keyword "Papago" for a list of people in the U.S. Indian Census Rolls 1885-1940 and the U.S. Census Population Schedules. $ however free access at Family History Centers.
Colorado River (Arizona, California) Mohave, Chemehuevi, Yuma, Cocopah, Diegueño, Pima, Papago, Mohave-Apache Indians 1906-1929 [NOTE: 1914-1915 includes unalloted Indians, (Yuma, Cocopah, Digueno, Mohave, Chemehuevi, Mohave-Apache Indians). 1916 Mohave, Cocopah, Chemehuevi, Mohave-Apache Indians. 1917-1922 Mohave, Chemehuevi, Mohave-Apache, Cocopah, Pima, Papago Indians. 1923 Mohave, Chemehuevi, Mexican, Mohaves at Fort Mohave. 1924-1929 Mohave, Chemehuevi, Mohaves at Fort Mohave. 1906-1913 Mohave only.] FHL 574206
The Tumacacori census of 1796 FHL 874325
Websites[edit | edit source]
- Ak-Chin Indian Community Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc. *The Official Website of the Ak-Chin Indian Community
- Constitution and By-Laws for the Ak-Chin Indian Community. A copy of the Constitution and By-laws for this tribe is available at the Sandra Day O'Connor Law Library at Arizona State University.
- Arizona Commerce Authority, Indian Community Profiles
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Cudel, Evelyne. High Incidence of Diabetes in the O'Odham Community Approach in Prevention and Control for a Native American Tribe. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Riverside, 1994, 1994. WorldCat 676815704
- Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona. Ak-Chin Indian Community and the State of Arizona Gaming Compact, 2002. Phoenix, Ariz: Arizona Dept. of Gaming], 2002. WorldCat 52083094
- Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona, Burton G. Hirsch, and Ralph Whitney Johnson. Law and Order Code of the Maricopa Ak-Chin Indian Community, Arizona. [Phoenix?]: The Community, 1975. WorldCat 57305506
- Ak-Chin O'Odham Runner. Maricopa, Ariz: Ak-Chin Indian Community, 1980. 30576049/editions WorldCat 30576049
- Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs, Ak-Chin Indian Community, and Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community. Fort McDowell Report ; Maricopa (Ak-Chin) Report. [Phoenix, Ariz.]: Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs, 1960. WorldCat 20547970
- Marmaduke, William S. The Ak Chin Farm Project: Intensive Archaeological Survey of the Ak Chin Indian Reservation, West Half. Flagstaff, Ariz: Northland Research, 1983. WorldCat 9864196
- Meneses, Diana M. "It Is What Holds Us Together As a People": A History of the Ak-Chin Indian Community. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Arizona State University, 2009, 2009. WorldCat 644307287
- United States. Amending the Act Entitled "An Act Relating to the Water Rights of the Ak-Chin Indian Community" to Clarify Certain Provisions Concerning the Leasing of Such Water Rights, and for Other Purposes: Report (to Accompany H.R. 2647). Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O., 2000. WorldCat 45401702
- United States. Jicarilla Apache Tribe Water Rights Settlement Act and Ak-Chin Water Use Amendments Act of 1992: Hearing Before the Select Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, on S. 2684 ... S. 2507 ... June 11, 1992, Washington, DC. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1992. WorldCat 27322176
- United States. Maricopa (Ak-Chin) Indian Reservation: Pinal County, Arizona. Phoenix, Ariz: Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1988. WorldCat 18963538
- Villegas, Olivia A. Tribal Management Procedures Study of the Maricopa Ak Chin Reservation. Tucson: Bureau of Ethnic Research, University of Arizona, 1974. WorldCat 2407934
- W.S. Gookin & Associates. Report on the Maricopa Ak-Chin Reservation June 1970. Scottsdale, Ariz: W.S. Gookin & Associates, 1970. WorldCat 52952104
- Wright, Winnie Doyle. Survey of Ak Chin Indian Reservation to Determine Educational Needs. Thesis--Arizona State University, 1973. WorldCat 2341540
References[edit | edit source]
- "Official Guide of the Arizona State Office of Tourism"
- Official Guide of the Arizona Department of Tourism
- Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by the Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, C. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2