African American Resources for Ohio
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|Local Research Resources|
Introduction[edit | edit source]
Online Resources[edit | edit source]
Research Strategy[edit | edit source]
History[edit | edit source]
African Americans make up a rich part of Ohio's History. The The Ohio Constitution of 1803 outlawed slavery, this was in accordance to the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. In 1804, Ohio passed Black Laws (sometimes referred to as Black Codes). These laws stipulated that only freedmen with a valid certificate of freedom (obtained from the court) could reside in Ohio. They also had to register their names in the county clerk's office of where they reside, which cost a small fee. Furthermore, freedmen could only be employed if they had a certificate proving their freedom. Anyone who harbored an escaped slave would be fined.
By the early 1800s, a settlement of African Americans was located in Upper Sandusky, Ohio. This area was controlled by the Wyandot, a Native American tribe. While some of these settlers were free, others were runaway slaves seeking safety. See Upper Sandusky, Ohio for more information.
- The African-American Experience in Ohio: 1850-1920
- Ohio History Connection
- Tracking Freedom: Tracing the Origins of Ohio's Free Blacks from 1803-1863.
- African Americans in Antebellum Ohio
- Ohio History Connection. African Americans
Resources[edit | edit source]
Biographies[edit | edit source]
Cemeteries[edit | edit source]
Census Records[edit | edit source]
Church Records[edit | edit source]
Emancipation Records[edit | edit source]
Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]
Genealogies[edit | edit source]
Land and Property[edit | edit source]
Plantation[edit | edit source]
Oral Histories[edit | edit source]
Other Records[edit | edit source]
- Belmont County. Record of blacks and mulattoes, 1809-1854
- Greene County. Register of blacks and mulattos, 1805-1844
- Logan County. Register of blacks and mulattos, 1831-1857
- Miami County. Register of blacks and mulattos, 1833-1847
- Montgomery County. Register of blacks & mulattos, 1804-1805
- Pickaway County. Records of black and mulatto persons, ca.1819-1848
Military Records[edit | edit source]
- Eric Eugene Johnson. Ohio's black soldiers who served in the Civil War. Bellville, Ohio : Ohio Genealogical Society,12014. FHL 977.1 M26j
- Enrollment and report of the "Black Brigade" of Cincinnati. Cincinnati, Ohio, 1864.
Newspapers[edit | edit source]
Probate Records[edit | edit source]
Reconstruction Records[edit | edit source]
Freedman’s Bank[edit | edit source]
An excellent source is the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company (visit the African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records page to learn more). This company was created to assist African American soldiers of the Civil War and freed slaves. Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company signature cards or registers from 3 March 1865 to 25 July 1874 may list the name of the depositor, date of entry, age, birthplace, residence, complexion, name of employer or occupation, wife or husband’s name, death information, children’s names, name of father and mother, brothers’ and sisters’ names, remarks, and signature. Early books sometimes contained the name of the former master or mistress and the name of the plantation. Copies of death certificates were sometimes attached to the entries. The collection is organized alphabetically by state, then city where the bank was located, then date the account was established, then account number.
Online collections of Freedman's Bank records:
Freedmen's Bureau[edit | edit source]
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was created by the US government in 1865 until 1872 to assist former slaves in the southern United States. The Bureau created a wide variety of records extremely valuable to genealogists. Such documents include censuses, marriage records, and medical records. These records often include full names, former masters and plantations, and current residences. For 1865 and 1866, the section on abandoned and confiscated lands includes the names of the owners of the plantations or homes that were abandoned, confiscated, or leased. It gives the county and location, a description of the house, the number of acres owned, and the number of cabins of former slaves. These films do not appear to contain the names of former slaves.
To find Freedmen's Bureau records:
- DiscoverFreedmen - the search on this site will utilize all of the Freedmen's Bureau records on FamilySearch, including:
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau Claim Records,1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau Hospital and Medical Records, 1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau Labor Contracts, Indenture and Apprenticeship Records, 1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau Ration Records,1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of Persons and Articles Hired, 1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Freedmen's Court Records, 1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Land and Property Records, 1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of Freedmen's Complaints, 1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Superintendent of Education and of the Division of Education, 1865-1872
Other FamilySearch collections not included:
- United States Freedmen's Bureau Miscellaneous Records,1865-1872
- United States Freedmen's Bureau, Records of Freedmen, 1865-1872
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1872 Images only. These reports primarily contain statistical and historical information.
- More collections are available in the FamilySearch Catalog. Search for "FREEDMEN - OHIO" in the Subjects search bar to find.
Visit the African American Freedmen's Bureau Records page to learn more about utilizing these records.
School Records[edit | edit source]
Slavery Records[edit | edit source]
- WPA. Slave narratives : 1937, interviews with ex-slaves in Ohio Ohio Historical Society
Vital Records[edit | edit source]
Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
The Freedmen's Bureau (1865-1872) was created by the US government to assist former slaves in the southern United States. One of their responsibilities was to record the marriages (past and present) of the former slaves. These records can be found in the collections below and include the lists of marriages that occurred previously, marriage certificates, and marriage licenses. The information contained on the records may include the name of the husband and wife/groom and bride, age, occupation, residence, year or date of marriage, by whom, number of children, and remarks.
- United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872
- U.S., Freedmen’s Bureau Marriage Records, 1846-1867
Death[edit | edit source]
- Ohio Death Index, 1908-1932, 1938-1944, and 1958-2007 - information may include name, death date and place, time of death, residence, gender, age, race, education level, birth date and place, parents, and cause of death
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Voting Registers[edit | edit source]
Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]
African American in Ohio at ArchivesDigital Collection - Genealogy related information for various States and Provinces is available from a variety of servers which may be official government services, genealogy society efforts, or maintained by interested individuals. A digital archive of materials related to African American in the Ohio.
National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center
1350 Brush Row Rd
PO Box 578
Wilberforce, OH 45384-0578
Ohio History Connection: African Americans in Ohio
800 E. 17th Ave.
Columbus, Ohio 43211
Societies[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau," "African American Heritage," National Archives, accessed 11 May 2018.