4th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery
Brief History[edit | edit source]
Organized as 2nd Tennessee Heavy Artillery (African Descent) June 16, 1863-April 19, 1864. Designated 3rd Heavy Artillery March 11, 1864, and 4th Heavy Artillery April 26, 1864.
Mustered out February 25, 1866. 
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
The Fourth United States Colored Heavy Artillery was recruited largely in Columbus, Ohio (William H. Mulligan, Jr., History Articles: African Americans in West Kentucky in West Tennessee During the Civil War: The Fourth U.S. Heavy Artillery Colored.)
National Archives[edit | edit source]
- Muster Roll for the 4th/5th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery, and an Attached Letter. NAID 12388513
- Approved Pension File for Private Enoch Bonds, Company I, 4th U.S. Colored Troops Heavy Artillery Regiment (SC-608840) NAID 100895823
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Union Volunteers in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Union Volunteers in the Civil War describes many Union sources, specifically for the Union Volunteers, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 1 describes and explains United States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- FamilySearch Wiki: Tennessee in the Civil War
References[edit | edit source]
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).
- Tabular Analysis of the Records of the U.S. Colored Troops and Their Predecessor Units in the National Archives of the United States. Special List No. 33. National Archives and records Service General Services Adminsitration Washington: 1973.Compiled by Joseph B. Ross.FHL 973 M2rt Film:1036062 Item 21
- "Bibliography of State participation in the Civil war 1861-1866". War Department: Office of the Chief of Staff. War College Division, General Staff, No. 19. Washington Government Printing Office. 1913.
Tabular Analysis of the Records of the U.S. Colored Troops and Their Predecessor Units in the National Archives of the United States. Special List No. 33. National Archives and records Service General Services Adminsitration Washington: 1973. Compiled by Joseph B. Ross. FHL Book 973 M2rt Film:1036062 Item 21