1st Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

The 1st Virginia Regiment was formed in October 1775 at Williamsburg. Colonel Patrick Henry was in command.[1]

Field officers at Valley Forge were Colonel Richard Parker, Colonel James Hendricks, Lt. Colonel Robert Ballard, Major Edmund B. Dickerson. [2]

Colonels[edit | edit source]

  • 1776-1777 - Colonel James Read in command 13 Feb 1776 to 29 Sep 1777
  • 1777-1778 - Colonel James Hendricks in command 29 Sep 1777 to 10 Feb 1778
  • 1778-1780 - Colonel Richard Parker in command 10 Feb 1778 to 24 Apr 1780
  • 1781-1783 - Colonel William Davies in command 12 Feb 1781 to close of war [3]

Companies[edit | edit source]

Company - Captain Claiborne Lawson
Company - Captain William Cunningham
Company - Captain Alexander Cummins, Captain Richard Anderson (took command 14 June 1778) - many men from Bedford County [4] [5]
Company - Captain Callehill Memmis
Company - Captain William Lewis
Company - Captain Joseph Scott Sr.
Company - Captain Charles P. Pilham
Company - Captain Richard Taylor
Company - Captain Tarlton Payne
Six musket companies and two rifle companies according to The First Virginia Regiment 1775-1783 website.
Sources:
"1st Virginia Regiment," Valley Forge Legacy: The Muster Roll Project, http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/regiments/va1.asp, accessed 23 January 2012.
Rosters Companies 1-8

Other Officers[edit | edit source]

  • Captain Samuel Hogg [3]
  • Captain Thomas Holt [3]
  • Captain B. John Johnston [6]
  • Captain Nathan Reid [3]
  • Captain William Russell of Augusta County [7]
  • Captain Philip Sansom [3]
  • Captain Nathaniel Terry [3]
  • Major Thomas Posey of Augusta County [8]

Other Sources[edit | edit source]

  1. Minnis, M. Lee. The First Virginia Regiment of Foot, 1775-1783. 1998.
  2. Crouse, Randy F. McNew "The Revolutionary War Diary of Major William Croghan of the Virginia Continental Line, 1779-1780", 2012. 107 pages. ISBN 9781105675379. William Croghan, native Virginian, settled in Louisville, Kentucky where he and his wife, Lucy Clark Croghan, built "Locust Grove" mansion. His brother-in-law, Geroge Rogers Clark, famously lived out his final years there. Recounts the story, through his first hand experiences in his diary, when three detachments of Virginia soldiers were dispatched in the last months of 1779 to proceed to South Carolina to aid in the defense of Charleston. A member of the 1st Virginia Regiment, Major William Croghan belonged to this group who were, on account of the rivers being so solidly frozen that ships could not move, obliged to march the 800 miles from the Jerseys to Sullivan’s Island in South Carolina’s Charleston Harbor. Major Croghan kept an itinerant diary which reveals the hardships, and pleasures, experienced by this group of more than 700 patriots. Extensive index. Lulu, FHL.FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 25 (1981)

Websites[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: 1st Virginia Regiment

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "History," The First Virginia Regiment 1775-1783 https://1varegiment.com/modern-unit/1va-history/, accessed 20 March 2018.
  2. "1st Virginia Regiment," Valley Forge Legacy: The Muster Roll Project, http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/regiments/va1.asp, accessed 23 January 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 F.B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution, April, 1775, to December, 1783 (Washington, D.C.: W.H. Lowdermilk and Co., 1893), 49, 474-478. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  4. Oliver C. Weaver, Captain John Leftwich of Bedford County, Virginia, and Oglethorpe County, Georgia (died Feb. 26, 1797) (Birmingham, Ala.: O.C. Weaver, 1996), 2-3. "Joel Leftwich, whose name appears here on the Payroll with John Leftwich, was John's youngest brother who at the age of sixteen enlisted in the same company a few months after John enlisted. He, too, was enlisted by Captain Alexander Cummins who had returned to Bedford County to recruit additional men for his company."
  5. "Statement of Joel Leftwich," dated 8 October 1832, Campbell County, Virginia in Revolutionary War Pension File of Joel Leftwich, VA, S8830, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
  6. F.B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution, April, 1775, to December, 1783 (Washington, D.C.: W.H. Lowdermilk and Co., 1893), 474-478. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  7. "William Campbell was born in Augusta County about the year 1745, and was of Scotch origin. He received a liberal education, and early displayed a taste and genius for military science. He was of well-proportioned and commanding figure, being over six feet high, and of grave and dignified demeanor. In 1775, he joined the first regular troops raised in Virginia, having been commissioned a captain in the first regiment..." See J. Lewis Peyton, History of Augusta County, Virginia (Staunton, Va.: Samuel M. Yost and Son, 1882), 843-844.
  8. Joseph A. Waddell, Annals of Augusta County, Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Wm. Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1886), 178.